3E1T

Structure and action of the myxobacterial chondrochloren halogenase CndH, a new variant of FAD-dependent halogenases


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

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Literature

Structure and action of the myxobacterial chondrochloren halogenase CndH: a new variant of FAD-dependent halogenases.

Buedenbender, S.Rachid, S.Muller, R.Schulz, G.E.

(2009) J Mol Biol 385: 520-530

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.10.057
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3E1T

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of the FAD-dependent chondrochloren halogenase CndH has been established at 2.1 A resolution. The enzyme contains the characteristic FAD-binding scaffold of the glutathione reductase superfamily. Except for its C-terminal domain, the chainfold of CndH is virtually identical with those of FAD-dependent aromatic hydroxylases ...

    The crystal structure of the FAD-dependent chondrochloren halogenase CndH has been established at 2.1 A resolution. The enzyme contains the characteristic FAD-binding scaffold of the glutathione reductase superfamily. Except for its C-terminal domain, the chainfold of CndH is virtually identical with those of FAD-dependent aromatic hydroxylases. When compared to the structurally known FAD-dependent halogenases PrnA and RebH, CndH lacks a 45 residue segment near position 100 and deviates in the C-terminal domain. Both variations are near the active center and appear to reflect substrate differences. Whereas PrnA and RebH modify free tryptophan, CndH halogenates the tyrosyl group of a chondrochloren precursor that is most likely bound to a carrier protein. In contrast to PrnA and RebH, which enclose their small substrate completely, CndH has a large non-polar surface patch that may accommodate the putative carrier. Apart from the substrate binding site, the active center of CndH corresponds to those of PrnA and RebH. At the halogenation site, CndH has the characteristic lysine (Lys76) but lacks the required base Glu346 (PrnA). This base may be supplied by a residue of its C-terminal domain or by the carrier. These differences were corroborated by an overall sequence comparison between the known FAD-dependent halogenases, which revealed a split into a PrnA-RebH group and a CndH group. The two functionally established members of the CndH group use carrier-bound substrates, whereas three members of PrnA-RebH group are known to accept a free amino acid. Given the structural and functional distinction, we classify CndH as a new variant B of the FAD-dependent halogenases, adding a new feature to the structurally established variant A enzymes PrnA and RebH.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HalogenaseA512Chondromyces crocatusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cndh
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on FAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.918α = 90
b = 99.213β = 90
c = 101.774γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
SHARPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-02-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance