3DC1

Crystal structure of kynurenine aminotransferase II complex with alpha-ketoglutarate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate specificity and structure of human aminoadipate aminotransferase/kynurenine aminotransferase II

Han, Q.Cai, T.Tagle, D.A.Robinson, H.Li, J.

(2008) Biosci Rep 28: 205-215

  • DOI: 10.1042/BSR20080085
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • KAT (kynurenine aminotransferase) II is a primary enzyme in the brain for catalysing the transamination of kynurenine to KYNA (kynurenic acid). KYNA is the only known endogenous antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The enzyme also catalys ...

    KAT (kynurenine aminotransferase) II is a primary enzyme in the brain for catalysing the transamination of kynurenine to KYNA (kynurenic acid). KYNA is the only known endogenous antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. The enzyme also catalyses the transamination of aminoadipate to alpha-oxoadipate; therefore it was initially named AADAT (aminoadipate aminotransferase). As an endotoxin, aminoadipate influences various elements of glutamatergic neurotransmission and kills primary astrocytes in the brain. A number of studies dealing with the biochemical and functional characteristics of this enzyme exist in the literature, but a systematic assessment of KAT II addressing its substrate profile and kinetic properties has not been performed. The present study examines the biochemical and structural characterization of a human KAT II/AADAT. Substrate screening of human KAT II revealed that the enzyme has a very broad substrate specificity, is capable of catalysing the transamination of 16 out of 24 tested amino acids and could utilize all 16 tested alpha-oxo acids as amino-group acceptors. Kinetic analysis of human KAT II demonstrated its catalytic efficiency for individual amino-group donors and acceptors, providing information as to its preferred substrate affinity. Structural analysis of the human KAT II complex with alpha-oxoglutaric acid revealed a conformational change of an N-terminal fraction, residues 15-33, that is able to adapt to different substrate sizes, which provides a structural basis for its broad substrate specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, U.S.A. qianhan@vt.edu



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Kynurenine/alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase mitochondrialA, B, C, D425Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AADATKAT2
EC: 2.6.1.7 (PDB Primary Data), 2.6.1.39 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for Q8N5Z0 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q8N5Z0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8N5Z0
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q8N5Z0
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AKG
Query on AKG

Download CCD File 
A
2-OXOGLUTARIC ACID
C5 H6 O5
KPGXRSRHYNQIFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, C, D
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
LLP
Query on LLP
A,B,C,DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H22 N3 O7 PLYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 60.93α = 89.97
b = 72.09β = 100.65
c = 109.079γ = 93.88
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASESphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance