3CHW

Complex of Dictyostelium discoideum Actin with Profilin and the Last Poly-Pro of Human VASP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Modulation of actin structure and function by phosphorylation of Tyr-53 and profilin binding.

Baek, K.Liu, X.Ferron, F.Shu, S.Korn, E.D.Dominguez, R.

(2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 11748-11753

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0805852105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3CI5, 3CHW, 3CIP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • On starvation, Dictyostelium cells aggregate to form multicellular fruiting bodies containing spores that germinate when transferred to nutrient-rich medium. This developmental cycle correlates with the extent of actin phosphorylation at Tyr-53 (pY53 ...

    On starvation, Dictyostelium cells aggregate to form multicellular fruiting bodies containing spores that germinate when transferred to nutrient-rich medium. This developmental cycle correlates with the extent of actin phosphorylation at Tyr-53 (pY53-actin), which is low in vegetative cells but high in viable mature spores. Here we describe high-resolution crystal structures of pY53-actin and unphosphorylated actin in complexes with gelsolin segment 1 and profilin. In the structure of pY53-actin, the phosphate group on Tyr-53 makes hydrogen-bonding interactions with residues of the DNase I-binding loop (D-loop) of actin, resulting in a more stable conformation of the D-loop than in the unphosphorylated structures. A more rigidly folded D-loop may explain some of the previously described properties of pY53-actin, including its increased critical concentration for polymerization, reduced rates of nucleation and pointed end elongation, and weak affinity for DNase I. We show here that phosphorylation of Tyr-53 inhibits subtilisin cleavage of the D-loop and reduces the rate of nucleotide exchange on actin. The structure of profilin-Dictyostelium-actin is strikingly similar to previously determined structures of profilin-beta-actin and profilin-alpha-actin. By comparing this representative set of profilin-actin structures with other structures of actin, we highlight the effects of profilin on the actin conformation. In the profilin-actin complexes, subdomains 1 and 3 of actin close around profilin, producing a 4.7 degrees rotation of the two major domains of actin relative to each other. As a result, the nucleotide cleft becomes moderately more open in the profilin-actin complex, probably explaining the stimulation of nucleotide exchange on actin by profilin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology, 3700 Hamilton Walk, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6085, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Major actinA375N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P07830 (Dictyostelium discoideum)
Explore P07830 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07830
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Profilin-1P139N/AMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pfn1
Find proteins for P07737 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07737 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07737
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P07737
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein 16-residue peptideV16N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P50552 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P50552 
Go to UniProtKB:  P50552
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P50552
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
HIC
Query on HIC
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC7 H11 N3 O2HIS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.037α = 90
b = 76.183β = 90
c = 180.822γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-08-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description