3CHW

Complex of Dictyostelium discoideum Actin with Profilin and the Last Poly-Pro of Human VASP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Modulation of actin structure and function by phosphorylation of Tyr-53 and profilin binding.

Baek, K.Liu, X.Ferron, F.Shu, S.Korn, E.D.Dominguez, R.

(2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 11748-11753

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0805852105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3CHW, 3CI5, 3CIP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • On starvation, Dictyostelium cells aggregate to form multicellular fruiting bodies containing spores that germinate when transferred to nutrient-rich medium. This developmental cycle correlates with the extent of actin phosphorylation at Tyr-53 (pY53-actin), which is low in vegetative cells but high in viable mature spores ...

    On starvation, Dictyostelium cells aggregate to form multicellular fruiting bodies containing spores that germinate when transferred to nutrient-rich medium. This developmental cycle correlates with the extent of actin phosphorylation at Tyr-53 (pY53-actin), which is low in vegetative cells but high in viable mature spores. Here we describe high-resolution crystal structures of pY53-actin and unphosphorylated actin in complexes with gelsolin segment 1 and profilin. In the structure of pY53-actin, the phosphate group on Tyr-53 makes hydrogen-bonding interactions with residues of the DNase I-binding loop (D-loop) of actin, resulting in a more stable conformation of the D-loop than in the unphosphorylated structures. A more rigidly folded D-loop may explain some of the previously described properties of pY53-actin, including its increased critical concentration for polymerization, reduced rates of nucleation and pointed end elongation, and weak affinity for DNase I. We show here that phosphorylation of Tyr-53 inhibits subtilisin cleavage of the D-loop and reduces the rate of nucleotide exchange on actin. The structure of profilin-Dictyostelium-actin is strikingly similar to previously determined structures of profilin-beta-actin and profilin-alpha-actin. By comparing this representative set of profilin-actin structures with other structures of actin, we highlight the effects of profilin on the actin conformation. In the profilin-actin complexes, subdomains 1 and 3 of actin close around profilin, producing a 4.7 degrees rotation of the two major domains of actin relative to each other. As a result, the nucleotide cleft becomes moderately more open in the profilin-actin complex, probably explaining the stimulation of nucleotide exchange on actin by profilin.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology, 3700 Hamilton Walk, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6085, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Major actinA375Dictyostelium discoideumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
UniProt
Find proteins for P07830 (Dictyostelium discoideum)
Explore P07830 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07830
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Profilin-1B [auth P]139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PFN1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P07737 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P07737 
Go to UniProtKB:  P07737
PHAROS:  P07737
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein 16-residue peptideC [auth V]16N/AMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P50552 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P50552 
Go to UniProtKB:  P50552
PHAROS:  P50552
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on ATP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
HIC
Query on HIC
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC7 H11 N3 O2HIS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 38.037α = 90
b = 76.183β = 90
c = 180.822γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-08-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Refinement description