3C13

Low pH-value crystal structure of emodin in complex with the catalytic subunit of protein kinase CK2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Catalytic Subunit of Human Protein Kinase CK2 Structurally Deviates from Its Maize Homologue in Complex with the Nucleotide Competitive Inhibitor Emodin

Raaf, J.Klopffleisch, K.Issinger, O.-G.Niefind, K.

(2008) J.Mol.Biol. 377: 1-8

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.01.008
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 4FBX, 3U87, 3FWQ, 3FL5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Ser/Thr kinase CK2 (former name: casein kinase 2) is a heterotetrameric enzyme composed of two catalytic chains (CK2alpha) attached to a dimer of noncatalytic subunits. Together with the cyclin-dependent kinases and the mitogen-activated protein ...

    The Ser/Thr kinase CK2 (former name: casein kinase 2) is a heterotetrameric enzyme composed of two catalytic chains (CK2alpha) attached to a dimer of noncatalytic subunits. Together with the cyclin-dependent kinases and the mitogen-activated protein kinases, CK2alpha belongs to the CMGC family of the eukaryotic protein kinases. CK2 is an important survival and stability factor in eukaryotic cells: its catalytic activity is elevated in a wide variety of tumors while its down-regulation can lead to apoptosis. Thus, CK2 is a valuable target for drug development and for chemical biology approaches of cell biological research, and small organic inhibitors addressing CK2 are of considerable interest. We describe here the complex structure between a C-terminal deletion mutant of human CK2alpha and the ATP-competitive inhibitor emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry name: 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthracene-9,10-dione) and compare it with a previously published complex structure of emodin and maize CK2alpha. With a resolution of 1.5 A, the human CK2alpha/emodin structure has a much better resolution than its maize counterpart (2.6 A). Even more important, in spite of a sequence identity of more than 77% between human and maize CK2alpha, the two structures deviate significantly in the orientation, in which emodin is trapped by the enzyme, and in the local conformations around the ligand binding site: maize CK2alpha shows its largest adaptations in the ATP-binding loop, whereas human CK2alpha shows its largest adaptations in the hinge region connecting the two main domains of the protein kinase core. These observations emphasize the importance of local plasticity for ligand binding and demonstrate that two orthologues of an enzyme can behave quite different in this respect.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Universität zu Köln, Institut für Biochemie, Zülpicher Strasse 47, D-50674 Köln, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Casein kinase II subunit alpha
A
335Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CSNK2A1 (CK2A1)
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for P68400 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CSNK2A1
Go to UniProtKB:  P68400
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
EMO
Query on EMO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
3-METHYL-1,6,8-TRIHYDROXYANTHRAQUINONE
EMODIN
C15 H10 O5
RHMXXJGYXNZAPX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 58.730α = 90.00
b = 45.680β = 111.80
c = 63.240γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description