3BBF

Crystal structure of the NM23-H2 transcription factor complex with GDP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

NM23-H2 may play an indirect role in transcriptional activation of c-myc gene expression but does not cleave the nuclease hypersensitive element III1.

Dexheimer, T.S.Carey, S.S.Zuohe, S.Gokhale, V.M.Hu, X.Murata, L.B.Maes, E.M.Weichsel, A.Sun, D.Meuillet, E.J.Montfort, W.R.Hurley, L.H.

(2009) Mol Cancer Ther 8: 1363-1377

  • DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-1093
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3BBC, 3BBF, 3BBB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The formation of G-quadruplex structures within the nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) III(1) region of the c-myc promoter and the ability of these structures to repress c-myc transcription have been well established. However, just how these extremely stable DNA secondary structures are transformed to activate c-myc transcription is still unknown ...

    The formation of G-quadruplex structures within the nuclease hypersensitive element (NHE) III(1) region of the c-myc promoter and the ability of these structures to repress c-myc transcription have been well established. However, just how these extremely stable DNA secondary structures are transformed to activate c-myc transcription is still unknown. NM23-H2/nucleoside diphosphate kinase B has been recognized as an activator of c-myc transcription via interactions with the NHE III(1) region of the c-myc gene promoter. Through the use of RNA interference, we confirmed the transcriptional regulatory role of NM23-H2. In addition, we find that further purification of NM23-H2 results in loss of the previously identified DNA strand cleavage activity, but retention of its DNA binding activity. NM23-H2 binds to both single-stranded guanine- and cytosine-rich strands of the c-myc NHE III(1) and, to a lesser extent, to a random single-stranded DNA template. However, it does not bind to or cleave the NHE III(1) in duplex form. Significantly, potassium ions and compounds that stabilize the G-quadruplex and i-motif structures have an inhibitory effect on NM23-H2 DNA-binding activity. Mutation of Arg(88) to Ala(88) (R88A) reduced both DNA and nucleotide binding but had minimal effect on the NM23-H2 crystal structure. On the basis of these data and molecular modeling studies, we have proposed a stepwise trapping-out of the NHE III(1) region in a single-stranded form, thus allowing single-stranded transcription factors to bind and activate c-myc transcription. Furthermore, this model provides a rationale for how the stabilization of the G-quadruplex or i-motif structures formed within the c-myc gene promoter region can inhibit NM23-H2 from activating c-myc gene expression.


    Related Citations: 
    • X-ray structure of human nucleoside diphosphate kinase B complexed with GDP at 2 A resolution.
      Morera, S., Lacombe, M.L., Xu, Y., LeBras, G., Janin, J.
      (1995) Structure 3: 1307

    Organizational Affiliation

    College of Pharmacy,University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nucleoside diphosphate kinase BA, B, C, D, E, F151Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NME2NM23B
EC: 2.7.4.6 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.13.3 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P22392 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P22392 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22392
PHAROS:  P22392
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GDP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on GDP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A], I [auth B], L [auth C], N [auth D], P [auth E], R [auth F]GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DTT
Query on DTT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
K [auth B], T [auth F]2,3-DIHYDROXY-1,4-DITHIOBUTANE
C4 H10 O2 S2
VHJLVAABSRFDPM-IMJSIDKUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth A], J [auth B], M [auth C], O [auth D], Q [auth E], S [auth F]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
GDP PDBBind:  3BBF Kd: 5200 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 69.75α = 90
b = 86.78β = 90
c = 159.12γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDISPLAYFdata collection
CrystalCleardata reduction
CrystalCleardata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-09-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance