3AV2

The human nucleosome structure containing the histone variant H3.3


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structures of human nucleosomes containing major histone H3 variants

Tachiwana, H.Osakabe, A.Shiga, T.Miya, Y.Kimura, H.Kagawa, W.Kurumizaka, H.

(2011) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 67: 578-583

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444911014818
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The nucleosome is the fundamental repeating unit of chromatin, via which genomic DNA is packaged into the nucleus in eukaryotes. In the nucleosome, two copies of each core histone, H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, form a histone octamer which wraps 146 base pair ...

    The nucleosome is the fundamental repeating unit of chromatin, via which genomic DNA is packaged into the nucleus in eukaryotes. In the nucleosome, two copies of each core histone, H2A, H2B, H3 and H4, form a histone octamer which wraps 146 base pairs of DNA around itself. All of the core histones except for histone H4 have nonallelic isoforms called histone variants. In humans, eight histone H3 variants, H3.1, H3.2, H3.3, H3T, H3.5, H3.X, H3.Y and CENP-A, have been reported to date. Previous studies have suggested that histone H3 variants possess distinct functions in the formation of specific chromosome regions and/or in the regulation of transcription and replication. H3.1, H3.2 and H3.3 are the most abundant H3 variants. Here, crystal structures of human nucleosomes containing either H3.2 or H3.3 have been solved. The structures were essentially the same as that of the H3.1 nucleosome. Since the amino-acid residues specific for H3.2 and H3.3 are located on the accessible surface of the H3/H4 tetramer, they may be potential interaction sites for H3.2- and H3.3-specific chaperones.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H3.3
A, E
139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: H3F3A, H3F3B (H3.3A, H3F3, H3.3B)
Find proteins for P84243 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: H3F3A H3F3B
Go to UniProtKB:  P84243
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H4
B, F
106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H4A, HIST1H4B, HIST1H4C, HIST1H4D, HIST1H4E, HIST1H4F, HIST1H4H, HIST1H4I, HIST1H4J, HIST1H4K, HIST1H4L, HIST2H4A, HIST2H4B, HIST4H4 (H4/A, H4FA, H4/I, H4FI, H4/G, H4FG, H4/B, H4FB, H4/J, H4FJ, H4/C, H4FC, H4/H, H4FH, H4/M, H4FM, H4/E, H4FE, H4/D, H4FD, H4/K, H4FK, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, H4/O, H4FO)
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P62805
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2A type 1-B/E
C, G
133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2AB, HIST1H2AE (H2AFM, H2AFA)
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2AB HIST1H2AE
Go to UniProtKB:  P04908
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2B type 1-J
D, H
129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJ (H2BFR)
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2BJ
Go to UniProtKB:  P06899
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
146-MER DNAI,J146N/A
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 105.843α = 90.00
b = 109.686β = 90.00
c = 181.177γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
BSSdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-04-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2012-07-18
    Type: Structure summary