3AKF

Crystal structure of exo-1,5-alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.254 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of an Exo-1,5-{alpha}-L-arabinofuranosidase from Streptomyces avermitilis Provides Insights into the Mechanism of Substrate Discrimination between Exo- and Endo-type Enzymes in Glycoside Hydrolase Family 43.

Fujimoto, Z.Ichinose, H.Maehara, T.Honda, M.Kitaoka, M.Kaneko, S.

(2010) J.Biol.Chem. 285: 34134-34143

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.164251
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Exo-1,5-α-L-arabinofuranosidases belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 43 have strict substrate specificity. These enzymes hydrolyze only the α-1,5-linkages of linear arabinan and arabino-oligosaccharides in an exo-acting manner. The enzyme from St ...

    Exo-1,5-α-L-arabinofuranosidases belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 43 have strict substrate specificity. These enzymes hydrolyze only the α-1,5-linkages of linear arabinan and arabino-oligosaccharides in an exo-acting manner. The enzyme from Streptomyces avermitilis contains a core catalytic domain belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 43 and a C-terminal arabinan binding module belonging to carbohydrate binding module family 42. We determined the crystal structure of intact exo-1,5-α-L-arabinofuranosidase. The catalytic module is composed of a 5-bladed β-propeller topologically identical to the other family 43 enzymes. The arabinan binding module had three similar subdomains assembled against one another around a pseudo-3-fold axis, forming a β-trefoil-fold. A sugar complex structure with α-1,5-L-arabinofuranotriose revealed three subsites in the catalytic domain, and a sugar complex structure with α-L-arabinofuranosyl azide revealed three arabinose-binding sites in the carbohydrate binding module. A mutagenesis study revealed that substrate specificity was regulated by residues Asn-159, Tyr-192, and Leu-289 located at the aglycon side of the substrate-binding pocket. The exo-acting manner of the enzyme was attributed to the strict pocket structure of subsite -1, formed by the flexible loop region Tyr-281-Arg-294 and the side chain of Tyr-40, which occupied the positions corresponding to the catalytic glycon cleft of GH43 endo-acting enzymes.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of exo-alpha-1,5-L-arabinofuranosidase from Streptomyces avermitilis NBRC14893.
      Fujimoto, Z.,Ichinose, H.,Kaneko, S.
      (2008) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.F 64: 1007
    • Characterization of a modular enzyme of exo-1,5-alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase and arabinan binding module from Streptomyces avermitilis NBRC14893.
      Ichinose, H.,Yoshida, M.,Fujimoto, Z.,Kaneko, S.
      (2008) Appl.Microbiol.Biotechnol. 80: 399


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Research Unit, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 2-1-2 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8602, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative secreted alpha L-arabinofuranosidase II
A
468Streptomyces avermitilis (strain ATCC 31267 / DSM 46492 / JCM 5070 / NBRC 14893 / NCIMB 12804 / NRRL 8165 / MA-4680)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Araf43A (abfA)
EC: 3.2.1.55
Find proteins for Q82P90 (Streptomyces avermitilis (strain ATCC 31267 / DSM 46492 / JCM 5070 / NBRC 14893 / NCIMB 12804 / NRRL 8165 / MA-4680))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q82P90
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.254 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 40.961α = 90.00
b = 91.481β = 90.00
c = 135.451γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
REFMACrefinement
SERGUIdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-08-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description