3AGH

X-ray analysis of lysozyme in the presence of 200 mM Arg


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.176 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

High-resolution X-ray analysis reveals binding of arginine to aromatic residues of lysozyme surface: implication of suppression of protein aggregation by arginine

Ito, L.Shiraki, K.Matsuura, T.Okumura, M.Hasegawa, K.Baba, S.Yamaguchi, H.Kumasaka, T.

(2011) Protein Eng Des Sel 24: 269-274

  • DOI: 10.1093/protein/gzq101
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3AGI, 3AGG, 3AGH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • While biotechnological applications of arginine (Arg) as a solution additive that prevents protein aggregation are increasing, the molecular mechanism of its effects remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the Arg-lysozyme complex by high-res ...

    While biotechnological applications of arginine (Arg) as a solution additive that prevents protein aggregation are increasing, the molecular mechanism of its effects remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the Arg-lysozyme complex by high-resolution crystallographic analysis. Three Arg molecules were observed to be in close proximity to aromatic amino acid residues of the protein surface, and their occupancies gradually increased with increasing Arg concentration. These interactions were mediated by electrostatic, hydrophobic and cation-π interactions with the surface residues. The binding of Arg decreased the accessible surface area of aromatic residues by 40%, but increased that of charged residues by 10%. These changes might prevent intermolecular hydrophobic interactions by shielding hydrophobic regions of the lysozyme surface, resulting in an increase in protein solubility.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (SPring-8), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan. l-ito@spring8.or.jp



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Lysozyme CA129Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P00698 (Gallus gallus)
Explore P00698 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00698
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.176 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.299α = 90
b = 78.299β = 90
c = 37.284γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance