2X2Z

Crystal structure AMA1 from Toxoplasma gondii


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Characterization of Apical Membrane Antigen 1 (Ama1) from Toxoplasma Gondii.

Crawford, J.Tonkin, M.L.Grujic, O.Boulanger, M.J.

(2010) J.Biol.Chem. 285: 15644

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.092619

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is an essential component of the moving junction complex used by Apicomplexan parasites to invade host cells. We report the 2.0 A resolution x-ray crystal structure of the full ectodomain (domains I, II, and III) of A ...

    Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is an essential component of the moving junction complex used by Apicomplexan parasites to invade host cells. We report the 2.0 A resolution x-ray crystal structure of the full ectodomain (domains I, II, and III) of AMA1 from the pervasive protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The structure of T. gondii AMA1 (TgAMA1) is the most complete of any AMA1 structure to date, with more than 97.5% of the ectodomain unambiguously modeled. Comparative sequence analysis reveals discrete segments of divergence in TgAMA1 that map to areas of established functional importance in AMA1 from Plasmodium vivax (PvAMA1) and Plasmodium falciparum (PfAMA1). Inspection of the TgAMA1 structure reveals a network of apical surface loops, reorganized in both size and chemistry relative to PvAMA1/PfAMA1, that appear to serve as structural filters restricting access to a central hydrophobic groove. The terminal portion of this groove is formed by an extended loop from DII that is 14 residues shorter in TgAMA1. A pair of tryptophan residues (Trp(353) and Trp(354)) anchor the DII loop in the hydrophobic groove and frame a conserved tyrosine (Tyr(230)), forming a contiguous surface that may be critical for moving junction assembly. The minimalist DIII structure folds into a cystine knot that probably stabilizes and orients the bulk of the ectodmain without providing excess surface area to which invasion-inhibitory antibodies can be generated. The detailed structural characterization of TgAMA1 provides valuable insight into the mechanism of host cell invasion by T. gondii.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P6, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
APICAL MEMBRANE ANTIGEN 1, PUTATIVE
A, B, D, E
456Toxoplasma gondii (strain ATCC 50861 / VEG)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AMA1
Find proteins for B6KAM0 (Toxoplasma gondii (strain ATCC 50861 / VEG))
Go to UniProtKB:  B6KAM0
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, D, E
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.150α = 72.19
b = 76.070β = 71.44
c = 88.250γ = 72.90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-01-11
    Type: Atomic model, Non-polymer description, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2019-04-03
    Type: Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Source and taxonomy