Crystallographic and mass spectrometric analyses of a tandem GNAT protein from the clavulanic acid biosynthesis pathway.Iqbal, A., Arunlanantham, H., Brown, T., Chowdhury, R., Clifton, I.J., Kershaw, N.J., Hewitson, K.S., McDonough, M.A., Schofield, C.J.
(2010) Proteins 78: 1398-1407
- PubMed: 20014241
- DOI: 10.1002/prot.22653
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
(3R,5R)-Clavulanic acid (CA) is a clinically important inhibitor of Class A beta-lactamases. Sequence comparisons suggest that orf14 of the clavulanic acid biosynthesis gene cluster encodes for an acetyl transferase (CBG). Crystallographic studies re ...
(3R,5R)-Clavulanic acid (CA) is a clinically important inhibitor of Class A beta-lactamases. Sequence comparisons suggest that orf14 of the clavulanic acid biosynthesis gene cluster encodes for an acetyl transferase (CBG). Crystallographic studies reveal CBG to be a member of the emerging structural subfamily of tandem Gcn5-related acetyl transferase (GNAT) proteins. Two crystal forms (C2 and P2(1) space groups) of CBG were obtained; in both forms one molecule of acetyl-CoA (AcCoA) was bound to the N-terminal GNAT domain, with the C-terminal domain being unoccupied by a ligand. Mass spectrometric analyzes on CBG demonstrate that, in addition to one strongly bound AcCoA molecule, a second acyl-CoA molecule can bind to CBG. Succinyl-CoA and myristoyl-CoA displayed the strongest binding to the "second" CoA binding site, which is likely in the C-terminal GNAT domain. Analysis of the CBG structures, together with those of other tandem GNAT proteins, suggest that the AcCoA in the N-terminal GNAT domain plays a structural role whereas the C-terminal domain is more likely to be directly involved in acetyl transfer. The available crystallographic and mass spectrometric evidence suggests that binding of the second acyl-CoA occurs preferentially to monomeric rather than dimeric CBG. The N-terminal AcCoA binding site and the proposed C-terminal acyl-CoA binding site of CBG are compared with acyl-CoA binding sites of other tandem and single domain GNAT proteins.
University of Oxford, United Kingdom.