Crystal structure of N-terminal domain of acyl-CoA thioesterase 7

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

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Structural Basis for Recruitment of Tandem Hotdog Domains in Acyl-Coa Thioesterase 7 and its Role in Inflammation.

Forwood, J.K.Thakur, A.S.Guncar, G.Marfori, M.Mouradov, D.Meng, W.N.Robinson, J.Huber, T.Kellie, S.Martin, J.L.Hume, D.A.Kobe, B.

(2007) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104: 10382

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0700974104
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2Q2B, 2V1O

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Acyl-CoA thioesterases (Acots) catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoA to free fatty acid and CoA and thereby regulate lipid metabolism and cellular signaling. We present a comprehensive structural and functional characterization of mouse acyl-CoA thioesterase 7 (Acot7). Whereas prokaryotic homologues possess a single thioesterase domain, mammalian Acot7 contains a pair of domains in tandem. We determined the crystal structures of both the N- and C-terminal domains of the mouse enzyme, and inferred the structure of the full-length enzyme using a combination of chemical cross-linking, mass spectrometry, and molecular modeling. The quaternary arrangement in Acot7 features a trimer of hotdog fold dimers. Both domains of Acot7 are required for activity, but only one of two possible active sites in the dimer is functional. Asn-24 and Asp-213 (from N- and C-domains, respectively) were identified as the catalytic residues through site-directed mutagenesis. An enzyme with higher activity than wild-type Acot7 was obtained by mutating the residues in the nonfunctional active site. Recombinant Acot7 was shown to have the highest activity toward arachidonoyl-CoA, suggesting a function in eicosanoid metabolism. In line with the proposal, Acot7 was shown to be highly expressed in macrophages and up-regulated by lipopolysaccharide. Overexpression of Acot7 in a macrophage cell line modified the production of prostaglandins D2 and E2. Together, the results link the molecular and cellular functions of Acot7 and identify the enzyme as a candidate drug target in inflammatory disease.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. jforwood@csu.edu.au

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B, C, D, E
A, B, C, D, E, F
151Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q91V12 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q91V12 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91V12
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ91V12
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.741α = 90
b = 125.531β = 95.39
c = 81.78γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata reduction

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2024-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Other