2V1O

Crystal structure of N-terminal domain of acyl-CoA thioesterase 7


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis for Recruitment of Tandem Hotdog Domains in Acyl-Coa Thioesterase 7 and its Role in Inflammation.

Forwood, J.K.Thakur, A.S.Guncar, G.Marfori, M.Mouradov, D.Meng, W.N.Robinson, J.Huber, T.Kellie, S.Martin, J.L.Hume, D.A.Kobe, B.

(2007) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 104: 10382

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0700974104
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acyl-CoA thioesterases (Acots) catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoA to free fatty acid and CoA and thereby regulate lipid metabolism and cellular signaling. We present a comprehensive structural and functional characterization of mouse acyl-CoA ...

    Acyl-CoA thioesterases (Acots) catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoA to free fatty acid and CoA and thereby regulate lipid metabolism and cellular signaling. We present a comprehensive structural and functional characterization of mouse acyl-CoA thioesterase 7 (Acot7). Whereas prokaryotic homologues possess a single thioesterase domain, mammalian Acot7 contains a pair of domains in tandem. We determined the crystal structures of both the N- and C-terminal domains of the mouse enzyme, and inferred the structure of the full-length enzyme using a combination of chemical cross-linking, mass spectrometry, and molecular modeling. The quaternary arrangement in Acot7 features a trimer of hotdog fold dimers. Both domains of Acot7 are required for activity, but only one of two possible active sites in the dimer is functional. Asn-24 and Asp-213 (from N- and C-domains, respectively) were identified as the catalytic residues through site-directed mutagenesis. An enzyme with higher activity than wild-type Acot7 was obtained by mutating the residues in the nonfunctional active site. Recombinant Acot7 was shown to have the highest activity toward arachidonoyl-CoA, suggesting a function in eicosanoid metabolism. In line with the proposal, Acot7 was shown to be highly expressed in macrophages and up-regulated by lipopolysaccharide. Overexpression of Acot7 in a macrophage cell line modified the production of prostaglandins D2 and E2. Together, the results link the molecular and cellular functions of Acot7 and identify the enzyme as a candidate drug target in inflammatory disease.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia. jforwood@csu.edu.au




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CYTOSOLIC ACYL COENZYME A THIOESTER HYDROLASE
A, B, C, D, E, F
151Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Acot7 (Bach)
EC: 3.1.2.2
Find proteins for Q91V12 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91V12
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COA
Query on COA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 55.741α = 90.00
b = 125.531β = 95.39
c = 81.780γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata reduction
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance