The Biochemical and Structural Basis for feedback Inhibition of Mevalonate Kinase and Isoprenoid Metabolism

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.235 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.235 

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Biochemical and Structural Basis for Feedback Inhibition of Mevalonate Kinase and Isoprenoid Metabolism.

Fu, Z.Voynova, N.E.Herdendorf, T.J.Miziorko, H.M.Kim, J.J.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 3715-3724

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi7024386
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2R3V, 2R42

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Mevalonate kinase (MK), which catalyzes a key reaction in polyisoprenoid and sterol metabolism in many organisms, is subject to feedback regulation by farnesyl diphosphate and related compounds. The structures of human mevalonate kinase and a binary complex of the rat enzyme incubated with farnesyl thiodiphosphate (FSPP) are reported. Significant FSPP hydrolysis occurs under crystallization conditions; this results in detection of farnesyl thiophosphate (FSP) in the structure of the binary complex. Farnesyl thiodiphosphate competes with substrate ATP to produce feedback inhibition of mevalonate kinase. The binding sites for these metabolites overlap, with the phosphate of FSP nearly superimposed on ATP's beta-phosphate and FSP's polyisoprenoid chain overlapping ATP's adenosine moiety. Several hydrophobic amino acid side chains are positioned near the polyisoprenoid chain of FSP and their functional significance has been evaluated in mutagenesis experiments with human MK, which exhibits the highest reported sensitivity to feedback inhibition. Results suggest that single and double mutations at T104 and I196 produce a significant inflation of the K(i) for FSPP (approximately 40-fold for T104A/I196A). Such an effect persists when K(i) values are normalized for effects on the K(m) for ATP, suggesting that it may be possible to engineer MK proteins with altered sensitivity to feedback inhibition. Comparison of animal MK protein alignments and structures with those of a MK protein from Streptococcus pneumoniae indicates that sequence differences between N- and C-terminal domains correlate with differences in interdomain angles. Bacterial MK proteins exhibit more solvent exposure of feedback inhibitor binding sites and, consequently, weaker binding of these inhibitors.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mevalonate kinase395Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Mvk
Find proteins for P17256 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P17256 
Go to UniProtKB:  P17256
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP17256
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on FPS

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C15 H28 O6 P2 S
Query on MG

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.235 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.235 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.99α = 90
b = 118.43β = 90
c = 42.86γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-06-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2024-02-21
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations