2P8U

Crystal structure of human 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase I


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.202 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structures of human HMG-CoA synthase isoforms provide insights into inherited ketogenesis disorders and inhibitor design.

Shafqat, N.Turnbull, A.Zschocke, J.Oppermann, U.Yue, W.W.

(2010) J Mol Biol 398: 497-506

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.03.034
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2WYA, 2P8U

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (CoA) synthase (HMGCS) catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA into 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA. It is ubiquitous across the phylogenetic tree and is broadly classified into three classes. The prokaryotic isoform is essential in Gram-positive bacteria for isoprenoid synthesis via the mevalonate pathway ...

    3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (CoA) synthase (HMGCS) catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA into 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA. It is ubiquitous across the phylogenetic tree and is broadly classified into three classes. The prokaryotic isoform is essential in Gram-positive bacteria for isoprenoid synthesis via the mevalonate pathway. The eukaryotic cytosolic isoform also participates in the mevalonate pathway but its end product is cholesterol. Mammals also contain a mitochondrial isoform; its deficiency results in an inherited disorder of ketone body formation. Here, we report high-resolution crystal structures of the human cytosolic (hHMGCS1) and mitochondrial (hHMGCS2) isoforms in binary product complexes. Our data represent the first structures solved for human HMGCS and the mitochondrial isoform, allowing for the first time structural comparison among the three isoforms. This serves as a starting point for the development of isoform-specific inhibitors that have potential cholesterol-reducing and antibiotic applications. In addition, missense mutations that cause mitochondrial HMGCS deficiency have been mapped onto the hHMGCS2 structure to rationalize the structural basis for the disease pathology.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DU, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, cytoplasmicA, B478Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: HMGCS1HMGCS
EC: 2.3.3.10
Find proteins for Q01581 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q01581 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q01581
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q01581
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COA
Query on COA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SCY
Query on SCY
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H9 N O3 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.202 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.161 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 92.762α = 90
b = 92.762β = 90
c = 235.532γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MAR345data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-04-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description