2L6L

Solution structure of human J-protein co-chaperone, Dph4


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and mechanistic insights into novel iron-mediated moonlighting functions of human J-protein cochaperone, Dph4.

Thakur, A.Chitoor, B.Goswami, A.V.Pareek, G.Atreya, H.S.D'Silva, P.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 13194-13205

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.339655
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2L6L

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • J-proteins are obligate cochaperones of Hsp70s and stimulate their ATPase activity via the J-domain. Although the functions of J-proteins have been well understood in the context of Hsp70s, their additional co-evolved "physiological functions" are still elusive ...

    J-proteins are obligate cochaperones of Hsp70s and stimulate their ATPase activity via the J-domain. Although the functions of J-proteins have been well understood in the context of Hsp70s, their additional co-evolved "physiological functions" are still elusive. We report here the solution structure and mechanism of novel iron-mediated functional roles of human Dph4, a type III J-protein playing a vital role in diphthamide biosynthesis and normal development. The NMR structure of Dph4 reveals two domains: a conserved J-domain and a CSL-domain connected via a flexible linker-helix. The linker-helix modulates the conformational flexibility between the two domains, regulating thereby the protein function. Dph4 exhibits a unique ability to bind iron in tetrahedral coordination geometry through cysteines of its CSL-domain. The oxidized Fe-Dph4 shows characteristic UV-visible and electron paramagnetic resonance spectral properties similar to rubredoxins. Iron-bound Dph4 (Fe-Dph4) also undergoes oligomerization, thus potentially functioning as a transient "iron storage protein," thereby regulating the intracellular iron homeostasis. Remarkably, Fe-Dph4 exhibits vital redox and electron carrier activity, which is critical for important metabolic reactions, including diphthamide biosynthesis. Further, we observed that Fe-Dph4 is conformationally better poised to perform Hsp70-dependent functions, thus underlining the significance of iron binding in Dph4. Yeast Jjj3, a functional ortholog of human Dph4 also shows a similar iron-binding property, indicating the conserved nature of iron sequestration across species. Taken together, our findings provide invaluable evidence in favor of additional co-evolved specialized functions of J-proteins, previously not well appreciated.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DnaJ homolog subfamily C member 24A155Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DNAJC24DPH4ZCSL3
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q6P3W2 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q6P3W2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6P3W2
PHAROS:  Q6P3W2
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ6P3W2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • OLDERADO: 2L6L Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-08-07
    Changes: Data collection, Database references