2J5C

Rational conversion of substrate and product specificity in a monoterpene synthase. Structural insights into the molecular basis of rapid evolution.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Rational Conversion of Substrate and Product Specificity in a Salvia Monoterpene Synthase: Structural Insights Into the Evolution of Terpene Synthase Function.

Kampranis, S.C.Ioannidis, D.Purvis, A.Mahrez, W.Ninga, E.Katerelos, N.A.Anssour, S.Dunwell, J.M.Degenhardt, J.Makris, A.M.Goodenough, P.W.Johnson, C.B.

(2007) Plant Cell 19: 1994

  • DOI: 10.1105/tpc.106.047779
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2J5C

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Terpene synthases are responsible for the biosynthesis of the complex chemical defense arsenal of plants and microorganisms. How do these enzymes, which all appear to share a common terpene synthase fold, specify the many different products made almost entirely from one of only three substrates? Elucidation of the structure of 1,8-cineole synthase from Salvia fruticosa (Sf-CinS1) combined with analysis of functional and phylogenetic relationships of enzymes within Salvia species identified active-site residues responsible for product specificity ...

    Terpene synthases are responsible for the biosynthesis of the complex chemical defense arsenal of plants and microorganisms. How do these enzymes, which all appear to share a common terpene synthase fold, specify the many different products made almost entirely from one of only three substrates? Elucidation of the structure of 1,8-cineole synthase from Salvia fruticosa (Sf-CinS1) combined with analysis of functional and phylogenetic relationships of enzymes within Salvia species identified active-site residues responsible for product specificity. Thus, Sf-CinS1 was successfully converted to a sabinene synthase with a minimum number of rationally predicted substitutions, while identification of the Asn side chain essential for water activation introduced 1,8-cineole and alpha-terpineol activity to Salvia pomifera sabinene synthase. A major contribution to product specificity in Sf-CinS1 appears to come from a local deformation within one of the helices forming the active site. This deformation is observed in all other mono- or sesquiterpene structures available, pointing to a conserved mechanism. Moreover, a single amino acid substitution enlarged the active-site cavity enough to accommodate the larger farnesyl pyrophosphate substrate and led to the efficient synthesis of sesquiterpenes, while alternate single substitutions of this critical amino acid yielded five additional terpene synthases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Natural Products and Biotechnology, Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania, Chania, Greece. sotirios@maich.gr



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
1,8-CINEOLE SYNTHASEA, B569Salvia fruticosaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CinS1
EC: 4.2.3
UniProt
Find proteins for A6XH05 (Salvia fruticosa)
Explore A6XH05 
Go to UniProtKB:  A6XH05
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA6XH05
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BME
Query on BME

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth B],
F [auth B]
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 124.55α = 90
b = 171.15β = 90
c = 123.81γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-06-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Other