2GWD

Crystal structure of plant glutamate cysteine ligase in complex with Mg2+ and L-glutamate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.09 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the redox control of plant glutamate cysteine ligase.

Hothorn, M.Wachter, A.Gromes, R.Stuwe, T.Rausch, T.Scheffzek, K.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 27557-27565

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M602770200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutathione (GSH) plays a crucial role in plant metabolism and stress response. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of GSH is catalyzed by glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) the activity of which is tightly regulated. The regulation of plant GCLs ...

    Glutathione (GSH) plays a crucial role in plant metabolism and stress response. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of GSH is catalyzed by glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) the activity of which is tightly regulated. The regulation of plant GCLs is poorly understood. The crystal structure of substrate-bound GCL from Brassica juncea at 2.1-A resolution reveals a plant-unique regulatory mechanism based on two intramolecular redox-sensitive disulfide bonds. Reduction of one disulfide bond allows a beta-hairpin motif to shield the active site of B. juncea GCL, thereby preventing the access of substrates. Reduction of the second disulfide bond reversibly controls dimer to monomer transition of B. juncea GCL that is associated with a significant inactivation of the enzyme. These regulatory events provide a molecular link between high GSH levels in the plant cell and associated down-regulation of its biosynthesis. Furthermore, known mutations in the Arabidopsis GCL gene affect residues in the close proximity of the active site and thus explain the decreased GSH levels in mutant plants. In particular, the mutation in rax1-1 plants causes impaired binding of cysteine.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glutamate cysteine ligaseA449Brassica junceaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSH1ECS1
EC: 6.3.2.2
Find proteins for O23736 (Brassica juncea)
Explore O23736 
Go to UniProtKB:  O23736
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLU
Query on GLU

Download CCD File 
A
GLUTAMIC ACID
C5 H9 N O4
WHUUTDBJXJRKMK-VKHMYHEASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.09 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.81α = 90
b = 54.81β = 90
c = 518.04γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance