2GWC

Crystal structure of plant glutamate cysteine ligase in complex with a transition state analogue


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the redox control of plant glutamate cysteine ligase.

Hothorn, M.Wachter, A.Gromes, R.Stuwe, T.Rausch, T.Scheffzek, K.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 27557-27565

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M602770200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2GWD, 2GWC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutathione (GSH) plays a crucial role in plant metabolism and stress response. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of GSH is catalyzed by glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) the activity of which is tightly regulated. The regulation of plant GCLs is poorly understood ...

    Glutathione (GSH) plays a crucial role in plant metabolism and stress response. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of GSH is catalyzed by glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) the activity of which is tightly regulated. The regulation of plant GCLs is poorly understood. The crystal structure of substrate-bound GCL from Brassica juncea at 2.1-A resolution reveals a plant-unique regulatory mechanism based on two intramolecular redox-sensitive disulfide bonds. Reduction of one disulfide bond allows a beta-hairpin motif to shield the active site of B. juncea GCL, thereby preventing the access of substrates. Reduction of the second disulfide bond reversibly controls dimer to monomer transition of B. juncea GCL that is associated with a significant inactivation of the enzyme. These regulatory events provide a molecular link between high GSH levels in the plant cell and associated down-regulation of its biosynthesis. Furthermore, known mutations in the Arabidopsis GCL gene affect residues in the close proximity of the active site and thus explain the decreased GSH levels in mutant plants. In particular, the mutation in rax1-1 plants causes impaired binding of cysteine.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutamate cysteine ligaseA, B, C, D, E, F, G, H449Brassica junceaMutation(s): 18 
Gene Names: GSH1ECS1
EC: 6.3.2.2
UniProt
Find proteins for O23736 (Brassica juncea)
Explore O23736 
Go to UniProtKB:  O23736
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BSC
Query on BSC

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A], L [auth B], N [auth C], P [auth D], R [auth E], T [auth F], V [auth G], X [auth H](2S)-2-amino-4-(S-butylsulfonimidoyl)butanoic acid
C8 H18 N2 O3 S
KJQFBVYMGADDTQ-JKYUHCHBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
I [auth A], K [auth B], M [auth C], O [auth D], Q [auth E], S [auth F], U [auth G], W [auth H]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, HL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.04α = 90
b = 198.92β = 99.66
c = 114.97γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
XDSdata scaling
SHARPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2018-10-03
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary