Crystal structure of plant glutamate cysteine ligase in complex with Mg2+ and L-glutamate

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.09 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Structural basis for the redox control of plant glutamate cysteine ligase.

Hothorn, M.Wachter, A.Gromes, R.Stuwe, T.Rausch, T.Scheffzek, K.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 27557-27565

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M602770200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2GWC, 2GWD

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Glutathione (GSH) plays a crucial role in plant metabolism and stress response. The rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of GSH is catalyzed by glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) the activity of which is tightly regulated. The regulation of plant GCLs is poorly understood. The crystal structure of substrate-bound GCL from Brassica juncea at 2.1-A resolution reveals a plant-unique regulatory mechanism based on two intramolecular redox-sensitive disulfide bonds. Reduction of one disulfide bond allows a beta-hairpin motif to shield the active site of B. juncea GCL, thereby preventing the access of substrates. Reduction of the second disulfide bond reversibly controls dimer to monomer transition of B. juncea GCL that is associated with a significant inactivation of the enzyme. These regulatory events provide a molecular link between high GSH levels in the plant cell and associated down-regulation of its biosynthesis. Furthermore, known mutations in the Arabidopsis GCL gene affect residues in the close proximity of the active site and thus explain the decreased GSH levels in mutant plants. In particular, the mutation in rax1-1 plants causes impaired binding of cysteine.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutamate cysteine ligase449Brassica junceaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSH1
Find proteins for O23736 (Brassica juncea)
Explore O23736 
Go to UniProtKB:  O23736
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO23736
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.09 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.81α = 90
b = 54.81β = 90
c = 518.04γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2023-08-30
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description