2DDT

Crystal structure of sphingomyelinase from Bacillus cereus with magnesium ion


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of the sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase activity in neutral sphingomyelinase from Bacillus cereus.

Ago, H.Oda, M.Takahashi, M.Tsuge, H.Ochi, S.Katunuma, N.Miyano, M.Sakurai, J.

(2006) J Biol Chem 281: 16157-16167

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M601089200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2DDT, 2DDS, 2DDR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus (Bc-SMase) hydrolyzes sphingomyelin to phosphocholine and ceramide in a divalent metal ion-dependent manner. Bc-SMase is a homologue of mammalian neutral SMase (nSMase) and mimics the actions of the endog ...

    Sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus (Bc-SMase) hydrolyzes sphingomyelin to phosphocholine and ceramide in a divalent metal ion-dependent manner. Bc-SMase is a homologue of mammalian neutral SMase (nSMase) and mimics the actions of the endogenous mammalian nSMase in causing differentiation, development, aging, and apoptosis. Thus Bc-SMase may be a good model for the poorly characterized mammalian nSMase. The metal ion activation of sphingomyelinase activity of Bc-SMase was in the order Co2+ > or = Mn2+ > or = Mg2+ > Ca2+ > or = Sr2+. The first crystal structures of Bc-SMase bound to Co2+, Mg2+, or Ca2+ were determined. The water-bridged double divalent metal ions at the center of the cleft in both the Co2+- and Mg2+-bound forms were concluded to be the catalytic architecture required for sphingomyelinase activity. In contrast, the architecture of Ca2+ binding at the site showed only one binding site. A further single metal-binding site exists at one side edge of the cleft. Based on the highly conserved nature of the residues of the binding sites, the crystal structure of Bc-SMase with bound Mg2+ or Co2+ may provide a common structural framework applicable to phosphohydrolases belonging to the DNase I-like folding superfamily. In addition, the structural features and site-directed mutagenesis suggest that the specific beta-hairpin with the aromatic amino acid residues participates in binding to the membrane-bound sphingomyelin substrate.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biophysics Laboratory, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan. ago@spring8.or.jp



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Sphingomyelin phosphodiesteraseAB306Bacillus cereusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sph
EC: 3.1.4.12
Find proteins for P11889 (Bacillus cereus)
Explore P11889 
Go to UniProtKB:  P11889
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MES
Query on MES

Download CCD File 
A, B
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 50.844α = 81.87
b = 50.893β = 81.84
c = 59.506γ = 79.68
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance