2DDT

Crystal structure of sphingomyelinase from Bacillus cereus with magnesium ion


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of the sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase activity in neutral sphingomyelinase from Bacillus cereus.

Ago, H.Oda, M.Takahashi, M.Tsuge, H.Ochi, S.Katunuma, N.Miyano, M.Sakurai, J.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 16157-16167

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M601089200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus (Bc-SMase) hydrolyzes sphingomyelin to phosphocholine and ceramide in a divalent metal ion-dependent manner. Bc-SMase is a homologue of mammalian neutral SMase (nSMase) and mimics the actions of the endog ...

    Sphingomyelinase (SMase) from Bacillus cereus (Bc-SMase) hydrolyzes sphingomyelin to phosphocholine and ceramide in a divalent metal ion-dependent manner. Bc-SMase is a homologue of mammalian neutral SMase (nSMase) and mimics the actions of the endogenous mammalian nSMase in causing differentiation, development, aging, and apoptosis. Thus Bc-SMase may be a good model for the poorly characterized mammalian nSMase. The metal ion activation of sphingomyelinase activity of Bc-SMase was in the order Co2+ > or = Mn2+ > or = Mg2+ > Ca2+ > or = Sr2+. The first crystal structures of Bc-SMase bound to Co2+, Mg2+, or Ca2+ were determined. The water-bridged double divalent metal ions at the center of the cleft in both the Co2+- and Mg2+-bound forms were concluded to be the catalytic architecture required for sphingomyelinase activity. In contrast, the architecture of Ca2+ binding at the site showed only one binding site. A further single metal-binding site exists at one side edge of the cleft. Based on the highly conserved nature of the residues of the binding sites, the crystal structure of Bc-SMase with bound Mg2+ or Co2+ may provide a common structural framework applicable to phosphohydrolases belonging to the DNase I-like folding superfamily. In addition, the structural features and site-directed mutagenesis suggest that the specific beta-hairpin with the aromatic amino acid residues participates in binding to the membrane-bound sphingomyelin substrate.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biophysics Laboratory, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan. ago@spring8.or.jp




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
A, B
306Bacillus cereusGene Names: sph
EC: 3.1.4.12
Find proteins for P11889 (Bacillus cereus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P11889
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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Download CCD File 
A, B
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.844α = 81.87
b = 50.893β = 81.84
c = 59.506γ = 79.68
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
CCP4data scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance