Crystal structure of oxidized human cytosolic branched-chain aminotransferase complexed with gabapentin

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

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Structural determinants for branched-chain aminotransferase isozyme-specific inhibition by the anticonvulsant drug gabapentin

Goto, M.Miyahara, I.Hirotsu, K.Conway, M.Yennawar, N.Islam, M.M.Hutson, S.M.

(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 37246-37256

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M506486200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2A1H, 2COG, 2COI, 2COJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    This study presents the first three-dimensional structures of human cytosolic branched-chain aminotransferase (hBCATc) isozyme complexed with the neuroactive drug gabapentin, the hBCATc Michaelis complex with the substrate analog, 4-methylvalerate, and the mitochondrial isozyme (hBCATm) complexed with gabapentin. The branched-chain aminotransferases (BCAT) reversibly catalyze transamination of the essential branched-chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine, valine) to alpha-ketoglutarate to form the respective branched-chain alpha-keto acids and glutamate. The cytosolic isozyme is the predominant BCAT found in the nervous system, and only hBCATc is inhibited by gabapentin. Pre-steady state kinetics show that 1.3 mm gabapentin can completely inhibit the binding of leucine to reduced hBCATc, whereas 65.4 mm gabapentin is required to inhibit leucine binding to hBCATm. Structural analysis shows that the bulky gabapentin is enclosed in the active-site cavity by the shift of a flexible loop that enlarges the active-site cavity. The specificity of gabapentin for the cytosolic isozyme is ascribed at least in part to the location of the interdomain loop and the relative orientation between the small and large domain which is different from these relationships in the mitochondrial isozyme. Both isozymes contain a CXXC center and form a disulfide bond under oxidizing conditions. The structure of reduced hBCATc was obtained by soaking the oxidized hBCATc crystals with dithiothreitol. The close similarity in active-site structures between cytosolic enzyme complexes in the oxidized and reduced states is consistent with the small effect of oxidation on pre-steady state kinetics of the hBCATc first half-reaction. However, these kinetic data do not explain the inactivation of hBCATm by oxidation of the CXXC center. The structural data suggest that there is a larger effect of oxidation on the interdomain loop and residues surrounding the CXXC center in hBCATm than in hBCATc.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585, Japan.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
branched chain aminotransferase 1, cytosolic
A, B
386Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P54687 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P54687 
Go to UniProtKB:  P54687
PHAROS:  P54687
GTEx:  ENSG00000060982 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP54687
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.72α = 90
b = 107.69β = 90
c = 110.3γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 

Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Released Date: 2005-08-30 
  • Deposition Author(s): Goto, M.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-08-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-11-10
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations