Structural Insights Into Fusidic Acid Resistance and Sensitivity in EF-GHansson, S., Singh, R., Gudkov, A.T., Liljas, A., Logan, D.T.
(2005) J Mol Biol 348: 939
- PubMed: 15843024
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.02.066
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Crystal Structure of Elongation Factor G Complexed with Gdp, at 2.7 A Resolution
Czworkowski, J., Wang, J., Steitz, T.A., Moore, P.B.
(1994) EMBO J 13: 3661
- Three-Dimensional Structure of the Ribosomal Translocase: Elongation Factor G from Thermus Thermophilus
Aevarsson, A., Brazhnikov, E., Garber, M., Zheltonosova, J., Chirgadze, Y., Al-Karadaghi, S., Svensson, L.A., Liljas, A.
(1994) EMBO J 13: 3669
- The Structure of Elongation Factor G in Complex with Gdp: Conformational Flexibility and Nucleotide Exchange
Al-Karadaghi, S., Aevarsson, A., Garber, M., Zheltonosova, J., Liljas, A.
(1996) Structure 4: 555
- Structure of a Mutant EF-G Reveals Domain III and Possibly the Fusidic Acid Binding Site
Laurberg, M., Kristensen, O., Martemyanov, K., Gudkov, A.T., Nagaev, I., Hughes, D., Liljas, A.
(2000) J Mol Biol 303: 593
- Mutations in the G-Domain of Elongation Factor G from Thermus Thermophilus Affect Both its Interaction with GTP and Fusidic Acid.
Martemyanov, K.A., Liljas, A., Yarunin, A.S., Gudkov, A.T.
(2001) J Biol Chem 276: 28774
Fusidic acid (FA) is a steroid antibiotic commonly used against Gram positive bacterial infections. It inhibits protein synthesis by stalling elongation factor G (EF-G) on the ribosome after translocation. A significant number of the mutations conferring strong FA resistance have been mapped at the interfaces between domains G, III and V of EF-G ...
Fusidic acid (FA) is a steroid antibiotic commonly used against Gram positive bacterial infections. It inhibits protein synthesis by stalling elongation factor G (EF-G) on the ribosome after translocation. A significant number of the mutations conferring strong FA resistance have been mapped at the interfaces between domains G, III and V of EF-G. However, direct information on how such mutations affect the structure has hitherto not been available. Here we present the crystal structures of two mutants of Thermus thermophilus EF-G, G16V and T84A, which exhibit FA hypersensitivity and resistance in vitro, respectively. These mutants also have higher and lower affinity for GTP respectively than wild-type EF-G. The mutations cause significant conformational changes in the switch II loop that have opposite effects on the position of a key residue, Phe90, which undergoes large conformational changes. This correlates with the importance of Phe90 in FA sensitivity reported in previous studies. These structures substantiate the importance of the domain G/domain III/domain V interfaces as a key component of the FA binding site. The mutations also cause subtle changes in the environment of the "P-loop lysine", Lys25. This led us to examine the conformation of the equivalent residue in all structures of translational GTPases, which revealed that EF-G and eEF2 form a group separate from the others and suggested that the role of Lys25 may be different in the two groups.
Department of Molecular Biophysics, Lund University, Box 124, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden.