2BJQ

Crystal structure of the nematode sperm cell motility protein MFP2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of Mfp2 and its Function in Enhancing Msp Polymerization in Ascaris Sperm Amoeboid Motility

Grant, R.P.Buttery, S.M.Ekman, G.C.Roberts, T.M.Stewart, M.

(2005) J Mol Biol 347: 583

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2005.01.054
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2BJQ, 2BJR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The simplicity and specialization of the cell motility machinery of Ascaris sperm provides a powerful system in which to probe the basic molecular mechanism of amoeboid cell motility. Although Ascaris sperm locomotion closely resembles that seen in many other types of crawling cell, movement is generated by modulation of a cytoskeleton based on the major sperm protein (MSP) rather than the actin present in other cell types ...

    The simplicity and specialization of the cell motility machinery of Ascaris sperm provides a powerful system in which to probe the basic molecular mechanism of amoeboid cell motility. Although Ascaris sperm locomotion closely resembles that seen in many other types of crawling cell, movement is generated by modulation of a cytoskeleton based on the major sperm protein (MSP) rather than the actin present in other cell types. The Ascaris motility machinery can be studied conveniently in a cell-free in vitro system based on the movement of plasma membrane vesicles by fibres constructed from bundles of MSP filaments. In addition to ATP, MSP and a plasma membrane protein, reconstitution of MSP motility in this cell-free extract requires cytosolic proteins to orchestrate the site-specific assembly and bundling of MSP filaments that generates locomotion. One of these proteins, MFP2, accelerates the rate of movement in this assay. Here, we describe crystal structures of two isoforms of MFP2 and show that both are constructed from two domains that have the same fold based on a novel, compact beta sheet arrangement. Patterns of conservation observed in a structure-based analysis of MFP2 sequences from different nematode species identified regions that may be putative functional interfaces involved both in interactions between MFP2 domains and also with other components of the sperm motility machinery. Analysis of the growth of fibres in vitro in the presence of added MFP2 indicated that MFP2 increases the rate of locomotion by enhancing the effective rate of MSP filament polymerization. This observation, together with the structural data, suggests that MFP2 may function in a manner analogous to formins in actin-based motility.


    Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Rd., Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MFP2AA345Ascaris suumMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for Q7YXK2 (Ascaris suum)
Explore Q7YXK2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7YXK2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.230 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.604α = 90
b = 74.202β = 90
c = 108.309γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance