2A6H

Crystal structure of the T. thermophilus RNA polymerase holoenzyme in complex with antibiotic sterptolydigin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of transcription inhibition by antibiotic streptolydigin.

Temiakov, D.Zenkin, N.Vassylyeva, M.N.Perederina, A.Tahirov, T.H.Kashkina, E.Savkina, M.Zorov, S.Nikiforov, V.Igarashi, N.Matsugaki, N.Wakatsuki, S.Severinov, K.Vassylyev, D.G.

(2005) Mol Cell 19: 655-666

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2005.07.020
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2A6H

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Streptolydigin (Stl) is a potent inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerases (RNAPs). The 2.4 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNAP-Stl complex showed that, in full agreement with the available genetic data, the inhibitor binding site is located 20 A away from the RNAP active site and encompasses the bridge helix and the trigger loop, two elements that are considered to be crucial for RNAP catalytic center function ...

    Streptolydigin (Stl) is a potent inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerases (RNAPs). The 2.4 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNAP-Stl complex showed that, in full agreement with the available genetic data, the inhibitor binding site is located 20 A away from the RNAP active site and encompasses the bridge helix and the trigger loop, two elements that are considered to be crucial for RNAP catalytic center function. Structure-based biochemical experiments revealed additional determinants of Stl binding and demonstrated that Stl does not affect NTP substrate binding, DNA translocation, and phosphodiester bond formation. The RNAP-Stl complex structure, its comparison with the closely related substrate bound eukaryotic transcription elongation complexes, and biochemical analysis suggest an inhibitory mechanism in which Stl stabilizes catalytically inactive (preinsertion) substrate bound transcription intermediate, thereby blocking structural isomerization of RNAP to an active configuration. The results provide a basis for a design of new antibiotics utilizing the Stl-like mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Cell Biology, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford, New Jersey 08084, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase alpha chainA, B, G [auth K], H [auth L]315Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q5SHR6 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta chainC, I [auth M]1119Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta' chainD, J [auth N]1524Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA polymerase omega chainE, K [auth O]99Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA polymerase sigma factor rpoDF, L [auth P]423Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 239.5α = 90
b = 239.5β = 90
c = 253.1γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-09-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance