2A6H

Crystal structure of the T. thermophilus RNA polymerase holoenzyme in complex with antibiotic sterptolydigin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of transcription inhibition by antibiotic streptolydigin.

Temiakov, D.Zenkin, N.Vassylyeva, M.N.Perederina, A.Tahirov, T.H.Kashkina, E.Savkina, M.Zorov, S.Nikiforov, V.Igarashi, N.Matsugaki, N.Wakatsuki, S.Severinov, K.Vassylyev, D.G.

(2005) Mol Cell 19: 655-666

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2005.07.020
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2A6H

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Streptolydigin (Stl) is a potent inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerases (RNAPs). The 2.4 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNAP-Stl complex showed that, in full agreement with the available genetic data, the inhibitor binding site is ...

    Streptolydigin (Stl) is a potent inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerases (RNAPs). The 2.4 A resolution structure of the Thermus thermophilus RNAP-Stl complex showed that, in full agreement with the available genetic data, the inhibitor binding site is located 20 A away from the RNAP active site and encompasses the bridge helix and the trigger loop, two elements that are considered to be crucial for RNAP catalytic center function. Structure-based biochemical experiments revealed additional determinants of Stl binding and demonstrated that Stl does not affect NTP substrate binding, DNA translocation, and phosphodiester bond formation. The RNAP-Stl complex structure, its comparison with the closely related substrate bound eukaryotic transcription elongation complexes, and biochemical analysis suggest an inhibitory mechanism in which Stl stabilizes catalytically inactive (preinsertion) substrate bound transcription intermediate, thereby blocking structural isomerization of RNAP to an active configuration. The results provide a basis for a design of new antibiotics utilizing the Stl-like mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Cell Biology, School of Osteopathic Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford, New Jersey 08084, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase alpha chainABKL315Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q5SHR6 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHR6
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta' chainDN1524Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA polymerase omega chainEO99Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE7
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNA polymerase sigma factor rpoDFP423Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA-directed RNA polymerase beta chainCM1119Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Explore Q8RQE9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE9
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
STD
Query on STD

Download CCD File 
D, N
STREPTOLYDIGIN
C32 H44 N2 O9
KVTPRMVXYZKLIG-NCAOFHFGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
D, N
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
D, N
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 239.5α = 90
b = 239.5β = 90
c = 253.1γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-09-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance