2Y73

THE NATIVE STRUCTURES OF SOLUBLE HUMAN PRIMARY AMINE OXIDASE AOC3


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Identification of Two Imidazole Binding Sites and Key Residues for Substrate Specificity in Human Primary Amine Oxidase Aoc3.

Elovaara, H.Kidron, H.Parkash, V.Nymalm, Y.Bligt, E.Ollikka, P.Smith, D.J.Pihlavisto, M.Salmi, M.Jalkanen, S.Salminen, T.A.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 5507

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi200117z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2Y73, 2Y74

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human membrane primary amine oxidase (hAOC3; also known as vascular adhesion protein-1, VAP-1) is expressed upon inflammation in most tissues, where its enzymatic activity plays a crucial role in leukocyte trafficking. We have determined two new stru ...

    Human membrane primary amine oxidase (hAOC3; also known as vascular adhesion protein-1, VAP-1) is expressed upon inflammation in most tissues, where its enzymatic activity plays a crucial role in leukocyte trafficking. We have determined two new structures of a soluble, proteolytically cleaved form of hAOC3 (sAOC3), which was extracted from human plasma. In the 2.6 Å sAOC3 structure, an imidazole molecule is hydrogen bonded to the topaquinone (TPQ) cofactor, which is in an inactive on-copper conformation, while in the 2.95 Å structure, an imidazole molecule is covalently bound to the active off-copper conformation of TPQ. A second imidazole bound by Tyr394 and Thr212 was identified in the substrate channel. We furthermore demonstrated that imidazole has an inhibitory role at high concentrations used in crystallization. A triple mutant (Met211Val/Tyr394Asn/Leu469Gly) of hAOC3 was previously reported to change substrate preferences toward those of hAOC2, another human copper-containing monoamine oxidase. We now mutated these three residues and Thr212 individually to study their distinct role in the substrate specificity of hAOC3. Using enzyme activity assays, the effect of the four single mutations was tested with four different substrates (methylamine, benzylamine, 2-phenylethylamine, and p-tyramine), and their binding modes were predicted by docking studies. As a result, Met211 and Leu469 were shown to be key residues for substrate specificity. The native structures of sAOC3 and the mutational data presented in this study will aid the design of hAOC3 specific inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Medicity Research Laboratory, University of Turku, FI-20520 Turku, Finland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MEMBRANE PRIMARY AMINE OXIDASEAB763Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AOC3VAP1
EC: 1.4.3.21
Find proteins for Q16853 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q16853 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16853
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q16853
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C, E
3 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D, F
2 N-Glycosylation
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A, B
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMD
Query on IMD

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A, B
IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
CU
Query on CU

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A, B
COPPER (II) ION
Cu
JPVYNHNXODAKFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FMT
Query on FMT

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A
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A, B
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TPQ
Query on TPQ
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H9 N O5TYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 225.755α = 90
b = 225.755β = 90
c = 216.985γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-08-10
    Changes: Database references, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-07-12
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary