Human dynein light chain (DYNLL2) in complex with an in vitro evolved peptide (Ac-SRGTQTE).

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.156 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.124 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Directed Evolution Reveals the Binding Motif Preference of the Lc8/Dynll Hub Protein and Predicts Large Numbers of Novel Binders in the Human Proteome

Rapali, P.Radnai, L.Suveges, D.Harmat, V.Tolgyesi, F.Wahlgren, W.Y.Katona, G.Nyitray, L.Pal, G.

(2011) PLoS One 6: 18818

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018818
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2XQQ, 3P8M

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    LC8 dynein light chain (DYNLL) is a eukaryotic hub protein that is thought to function as a dimerization engine. Its interacting partners are involved in a wide range of cellular functions. In its dozens of hitherto identified binding partners DYNLL binds to a linear peptide segment. The known segments define a loosely characterized binding motif: [D/S](-4)K(-3)X(-2)[T/V/I](-1)Q(0)[T/V](1)[D/E](2). The motifs are localized in disordered segments of the DYNLL-binding proteins and are often flanked by coiled coil or other potential dimerization domains. Based on a directed evolution approach, here we provide the first quantitative characterization of the binding preference of the DYNLL binding site. We displayed on M13 phage a naïve peptide library with seven fully randomized positions around a fixed, naturally conserved glutamine. The peptides were presented in a bivalent manner fused to a leucine zipper mimicking the natural dimer to dimer binding stoichiometry of DYNLL-partner complexes. The phage-selected consensus sequence V(-5)S(-4)R(-3)G(-2)T(-1)Q(0)T(1)E(2) resembles the natural one, but is extended by an additional N-terminal valine, which increases the affinity of the monomeric peptide twentyfold. Leu-zipper dimerization increases the affinity into the subnanomolar range. By comparing crystal structures of an SRGTQTE-DYNLL and a dimeric VSRGTQTE-DYNLL complex we find that the affinity enhancing valine is accommodated in a binding pocket on DYNLL. Based on the in vitro evolved sequence pattern we predict a large number of novel DYNLL binding partners in the human proteome. Among these EML3, a microtubule-binding protein involved in mitosis contains an exact match of the phage-evolved consensus and binds to DYNLL with nanomolar affinity. These results significantly widen the scope of the human interactome around DYNLL and will certainly shed more light on the biological functions and organizing role of DYNLL in the human and other eukaryotic interactomes.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B, C, D
89Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DYNLL2DLC2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q96FJ2 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q96FJ2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96FJ2
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ96FJ2
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
E, F, G, H
7synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C2 H3 O2
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChains TypeFormula2D DiagramParent
Query on SAC
E, F, G, H
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.156 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.124 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 35.6α = 90
b = 64β = 90
c = 151.84γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-09-28
    Changes: Database references, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2013-11-20
    Changes: Derived calculations, Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2019-03-06
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2019-05-08
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation