2WY3

Structure of the HCMV UL16-MICB complex elucidates select binding of a viral immunoevasin to diverse NKG2D ligands


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of the Hcmv Ul16-Micb Complex Elucidates Select Binding of a Viral Immunoevasin to Diverse Nkg2D Ligands.

Muller, S.Zocher, G.Steinle, A.Stehle, T.

(2010) Plos Pathog. 6: 723

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000723

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The activating immunoreceptor NKG2D promotes elimination of infected or malignant cells by cytotoxic lymphocytes through engagement of stress-induced MHC class I-related ligands. The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded immunoevasin UL16 subverts NKG ...

    The activating immunoreceptor NKG2D promotes elimination of infected or malignant cells by cytotoxic lymphocytes through engagement of stress-induced MHC class I-related ligands. The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded immunoevasin UL16 subverts NKG2D-mediated immune responses by retaining a select group of diverse NKG2D ligands inside the cell. We report here the crystal structure of UL16 in complex with the NKG2D ligand MICB at 1.8 A resolution, revealing the molecular basis for the promiscuous, but highly selective, binding of UL16 to unrelated NKG2D ligands. The immunoglobulin-like UL16 protein utilizes a three-stranded beta-sheet to engage the alpha-helical surface of the MHC class I-like MICB platform domain. Intriguingly, residues at the center of this beta-sheet mimic a central binding motif employed by the structurally unrelated C-type lectin-like NKG2D to facilitate engagement of diverse NKG2D ligands. Using surface plasmon resonance, we find that UL16 binds MICB, ULBP1, and ULBP2 with similar affinities that lie in the nanomolar range (12-66 nM). The ability of UL16 to bind its ligands depends critically on the presence of a glutamine (MICB) or closely related glutamate (ULBP1 and ULBP2) at position 169. An arginine residue at this position however, as found for example in MICA or ULBP3, would cause steric clashes with UL16 residues. The inability of UL16 to bind MICA and ULBP3 can therefore be attributed to single substitutions at key NKG2D ligand locations. This indicates that selective pressure exerted by viral immunoevasins such as UL16 contributed to the diversification of NKG2D ligands.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Interfaculty Institute for Biochemistry, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MHC CLASS I POLYPEPTIDE-RELATED SEQUENCE B
A, C
319Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MICB (PERB11.2)
Find proteins for Q29980 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MICB
Go to UniProtKB:  Q29980
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
UNCHARACTERIZED PROTEIN UL16
B, D
158Human cytomegalovirus (strain AD169)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UL16
Find proteins for P16757 (Human cytomegalovirus (strain AD169))
Go to UniProtKB:  P16757
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
PEU
Query on PEU

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, D
2,5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32,35,38,41,44,47,50,53,56,59,62,65,68,71,74,77,80-HEPTACOSAOXADOOCTACONTAN-82-OL
PEG 8000
C55 H112 O28
ISGUIIHZEJGUGQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 58.120α = 90.00
b = 104.170β = 90.00
c = 146.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-02-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-18
    Type: Refinement description, Version format compliance