2WEU

Crystal structure of tryptophan 5-halogenase (PyrH) complex with substrate tryptophan


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Insights in the Regioselectivity in the Enzymatic Chlorination of Tryptophan.

Zhu, X.De Laurentis, W.Leang, K.Herrmann, J.Ihlefeld, K.Van Pee, K.H.Naismith, J.H.

(2009) J Mol Biol 391: 74

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.06.008
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2WES, 2WET, 2WEU

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The regioselectively controlled introduction of chlorine into organic molecules is an important biological and chemical process. This importance derives from the observation that many pharmaceutically active natural products contain a chlorine atom. Flavin-dependent halogenases are one of the principal enzyme families responsible for regioselective halogenation of natural products ...

    The regioselectively controlled introduction of chlorine into organic molecules is an important biological and chemical process. This importance derives from the observation that many pharmaceutically active natural products contain a chlorine atom. Flavin-dependent halogenases are one of the principal enzyme families responsible for regioselective halogenation of natural products. Structural studies of two flavin-dependent tryptophan 7-halogenases (PrnA and RebH) have generated important insights into the chemical mechanism of halogenation by this enzyme family. These proteins comprise two modules: a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-binding module and a tryptophan-binding module. Although the 7-halogenase studies advance a hypothesis for regioselectivity, this has never been experimentally demonstrated. PyrH is a tryptophan 5-halogenase that catalyzes halogenation on tryptophan C5 position. We report the crystal structure of a tryptophan 5-halogenase (PyrH) bound to tryptophan and FAD. The FAD-binding module is essentially unchanged relative to PrnA (and RebH), and PyrH would appear to generate the same reactive species from Cl(-), O(2), and 1,5-dihydroflavin adenine dinucleotide. We report additional mutagenesis data that extend our mechanistic understanding of this process, in particular highlighting a strap region that regulates FAD binding, and may allow communication between the two modules. PyrH has a significantly different tryptophan-binding module. The data show that PyrH binds tryptophan and presents the C5 atom to the reactive chlorinating species, shielding other potential reactive sites. We have mutated residues identified by structural analysis as recognizing the tryptophan in order to confirm their role. This work establishes the method by which flavin-dependent tryptophan halogenases regioselectively control chlorine addition to tryptophan. This method would seem to be general across the superfamily.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Biomolecular Sciences, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TRYPTOPHAN 5-HALOGENASEA, B, C, D511Streptomyces rugosporusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pyrH
Find proteins for A4D0H5 (Streptomyces rugosporus)
Explore A4D0H5 
Go to UniProtKB:  A4D0H5
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TRP
Query on TRP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A], F [auth B], G [auth C], H [auth D]TRYPTOPHAN
C11 H12 N2 O2
QIVBCDIJIAJPQS-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 142.7α = 90
b = 141.08β = 90
c = 122.95γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance