2W2G

Human SARS coronavirus unique domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.22 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The Sars-Unique Domain (Sud) of Sars Coronavirus Contains Two Macrodomains that Bind G-Quadruplexes.

Tan, J.Vonrhein, C.Smart, O.S.Bricogne, G.Bollati, M.Kusov, Y.Hansen, G.Mesters, J.R.Schmidt, C.L.Hilgenfeld, R.

(2009) PLoS Pathog 5: 428

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000428
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2WCT, 2W2G

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, the three-dimensional structures of several of the replicase/transcriptase components of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the non-structural proteins (Nsps), have been determined. However, within the large Nsp3 (1922 amino-acid residues), the structure and function of the so-called SARS-unique domain (SUD) have remained elusive ...

    Since the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, the three-dimensional structures of several of the replicase/transcriptase components of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the non-structural proteins (Nsps), have been determined. However, within the large Nsp3 (1922 amino-acid residues), the structure and function of the so-called SARS-unique domain (SUD) have remained elusive. SUD occurs only in SARS-CoV and the highly related viruses found in certain bats, but is absent from all other coronaviruses. Therefore, it has been speculated that it may be involved in the extreme pathogenicity of SARS-CoV, compared to other coronaviruses, most of which cause only mild infections in humans. In order to help elucidate the function of the SUD, we have determined crystal structures of fragment 389-652 ("SUD(core)") of Nsp3, which comprises 264 of the 338 residues of the domain. Both the monoclinic and triclinic crystal forms (2.2 and 2.8 A resolution, respectively) revealed that SUD(core) forms a homodimer. Each monomer consists of two subdomains, SUD-N and SUD-M, with a macrodomain fold similar to the SARS-CoV X-domain. However, in contrast to the latter, SUD fails to bind ADP-ribose, as determined by zone-interference gel electrophoresis. Instead, the entire SUD(core) as well as its individual subdomains interact with oligonucleotides known to form G-quadruplexes. This includes oligodeoxy- as well as oligoribonucleotides. Mutations of selected lysine residues on the surface of the SUD-N subdomain lead to reduction of G-quadruplex binding, whereas mutations in the SUD-M subdomain abolish it. As there is no evidence for Nsp3 entering the nucleus of the host cell, the SARS-CoV genomic RNA or host-cell mRNA containing long G-stretches may be targets of SUD. The SARS-CoV genome is devoid of G-stretches longer than 5-6 nucleotides, but more extended G-stretches are found in the 3'-nontranslated regions of mRNAs coding for certain host-cell proteins involved in apoptosis or signal transduction, and have been shown to bind to SUD in vitro. Therefore, SUD may be involved in controlling the host cell's response to the viral infection. Possible interference with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-like domains is also discussed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry, Center for Structural and Cell Biology in Medicine, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NON-STRUCTURAL PROTEIN 3A, B264Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: 1a
EC: 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0C6U8 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus)
Explore P0C6U8 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C6U8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.22 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.214 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.36α = 90
b = 68.55β = 99.17
c = 94.21γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BUSTER-TNTrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance