2UUK

Thrombin-hirugen-gw420128 ternary complex at 1.39A resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.39 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Determination of Protonation States in Proteins.

Ahmed, H.U.Blakeley, M.P.Cianci, M.Cruickshank, D.W.J.Hubbard, J.A.Helliwell, J.R.

(2007) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 63: 906

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444907029976
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The protonation states of aspartic acids and glutamic acids as well as histidine are investigated in four X-ray cases: Ni,Ca concanavalin A at 0.94 A, a thrombin-hirugen binary complex at 1.26 A resolution and two thrombin-hirugen-inhibitor ternary c ...

    The protonation states of aspartic acids and glutamic acids as well as histidine are investigated in four X-ray cases: Ni,Ca concanavalin A at 0.94 A, a thrombin-hirugen binary complex at 1.26 A resolution and two thrombin-hirugen-inhibitor ternary complexes at 1.32 and 1.39 A resolution. The truncation of the Ni,Ca concanavalin A data at various test resolutions between 0.94 and 1.50 A provided a test comparator for the ;unknown' thrombin-hirugen carboxylate bond lengths. The protonation states of aspartic acids and glutamic acids can be determined (on the basis of convincing evidence) even to the modest resolution of 1.20 A as exemplified by our X-ray crystal structure refinements of Ni and Mn concanavalin A and also as indicated in the 1.26 A structure of thrombin, both of which are reported here. The protonation-state indication of an Asp or a Glu is valid provided that the following criteria are met (in order of importance). (i) The acidic residue must have a single occupancy. (ii) Anisotropic refinement at a minimum diffraction resolution of 1.20 A (X-ray data-to-parameter ratio of approximately 3.5:1) is required. (iii) Both of the bond lengths must agree with the expectation (i.e. dictionary values), thus allowing some relaxation of the bond-distance standard uncertainties required to approximately 0.025 A for a '3sigma' determination or approximately 0.04 A for a '2sigma' determination, although some variation of the expected bond-distance values must be allowed according to the microenvironment of the hydrogen of interest. (iv) Although the F(o) - F(c) map peaks are most likely to be unreliable at the resolution range around 1.20 A, if admitted as evidence the peak at the hydrogen position must be greater than or equal to 2.5 sigma and in the correct geometry. (v) The atomic B factors need to be less than 10 A(2) for bond-length differentiation; furthermore, the C=O bond can also be expected to be observed with continuous 2F(o) - F(c) electron density and the C-OH bond with discontinuous electron density provided that the atomic B factors are less than approximately 20 A(2) and the contour level is increased. The final decisive option is to carry out more than one experiment, e.g. multiple X-ray crystallography experiments and ideally neutron crystallography. The complementary technique of neutron protein crystallography has provided evidence of the protonation states of histidine and acidic residues in concanavalin A and also the correct orientations of asparagine and glutamine side chains. Again, the truncation of the neutron data at various test resolutions between 2.5 and 3.0 A, even 3.25 and 3.75 A resolution, examines the limits of the neutron probe. These various studies indicate a widening of the scope of both X-ray and neutron probes in certain circumstances to elucidate the protonation states in proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Chemistry, Brunswick Street, The University of Manchester, Manchester, England.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HUMAN ALPHA THROMBIN
A
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THROMBIN
B
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIRUDIN I
H
10Hirudo medicinalisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P01050 (Hirudo medicinalis)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01050
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
897
Query on 897

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Download CCD File 
B
N-[3-(TERT-BUTYLAMINO)-3-OXOPROPYL]-N-ISOPROPYL-3-METHYL-5-{[(2S)-2-(PYRIDIN-4-YLAMINO)PROPYL]OXY}BENZAMIDE
C26 H38 N4 O3
VAFVRMZHAGPYIT-FQEVSTJZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TYS
Query on TYS
H
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H11 N O6 STYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.39 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 70.346α = 90.00
b = 71.436β = 100.03
c = 72.116γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXL-97phasing
REFMACphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SHELXL-97refinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-09-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-11-30
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.3: 2013-03-13
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2013-08-07
    Type: Atomic model, Other