High-resolution solution NMR structure of the Z domain of staphylococcal protein A.Tashiro, M., Tejero, R., Zimmerman, D.E., Celda, B., Nilsson, B., Montelione, G.T.
(1997) J.Mol.Biol. 272: 573-590
- PubMed: 9325113
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.1997.1265
- PubMed Abstract:
- An Improved Strategy for Determining Resonance Assignments for Isotopically Enriched Proteins and its Application to an Engineered Domain of Staphylococcal Protein A
Lyons, B.A.,Tashiro, M.,Cedergren, L.,Nilsson, B.,Montelione, G.T.
(1993) Biochemistry 32: 7839
- The Mechanism of Binding Staphylococcal Protein a to Immunoglobin G Does not Involve Helix Unwinding
Jendeberg, L.,Tashiro, M.,Tejero, R.,Lyons, B.A.,Uhlen, M.,Montelione, G.T.,Nilsson, B.
(1996) Biochemistry 35: 22
- Structures of Bacterial Immunoglobulin-Binding Domains and Their Complexes with Immunoglobulin
Tashiro, M.,Montelione, G.T.
(1995) Curr.Opin.Struct.Biol. 5: 471
Staphylococcal protein A (SpA) is a cell-wall-bound pathogenicity factor from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Because of their small size and immunoglobulin (IgG)-binding activities, domains of protein A are targets for protein engineering effor ...
Staphylococcal protein A (SpA) is a cell-wall-bound pathogenicity factor from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Because of their small size and immunoglobulin (IgG)-binding activities, domains of protein A are targets for protein engineering efforts and for the development of computational approaches for de novo protein folding. The NMR solution structure of an engineered IgG-binding domain of SpA, the Z domain (an analog of the B domain of SpA), has been determined by simulated annealing with restrained molecular dynamics on the basis of 671 conformational constraints. The Z domain contains three well-defined alpha-helices corresponding to polypeptide segments Lys7 to Leu17 (helix 1), Glu24 to Asp36 (helix 2), and Ser41 to Ala54 (helix 3). A family of ten conformers representing the solution structure of the Z domain was computed by simulated annealing of restrained molecular dynamics using the program CONGEN. The average of the root-mean-square deviations (r.m. s.d.) of the individual NMR conformers, relative to the mean coordinates, for the backbone atoms N, Calpha and C' of residues Phe5 through Ala56 is 0.69 A; the corresponding backbone r.m.s.d. for the three-helical core is 0.44 A. Helices 1, 2 and 3 are antiparallel in orientation (Omega12=-170(+/-4) degrees , Omega13=+16(+/-3) degrees , Omega23=+173(+/-7) degrees ). A comparison of backbone amide hydrogen/deuterium exchange rates in free and IgG-bound Z domains demonstrates that the amide protons of helices 1, 2 and 3 are protected from rapid exchange in both states, indicating that all three helices are also intact in the IgG-bound state. These solution NMR results differ from the previously determined X-ray structure of the similar SpA B domain in complex with the Fc fragment of a human IgG antibody, where helix 3 is not observed in the electron density map and from the solution NMR structure of the B domain, where helix 3 is observed but helix 1 is tilted by approximately 30 degrees with respect to helices 2 and 3. Hydrogen-bonded N-cap and C-cap formation is observed for all three helices of the Z domain; these capping interactions appear to be highly conserved in the five homologous domains of SpA.
Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-5638, USA.