2RDU

Crystal Structure of Human Glycolate Oxidase in Complex with Glyoxylate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Active Site and Loop 4 Movements within Human Glycolate Oxidase: Implications for Substrate Specificity and Drug Design.

Murray, M.S.Holmes, R.P.Lowther, W.T.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 2439-2449

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi701710r
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2RDW, 2RDU, 2RDT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human glycolate oxidase (GO) catalyzes the FMN-dependent oxidation of glycolate to glyoxylate and glyoxylate to oxalate, a key metabolite in kidney stone formation. We report herein the structures of recombinant GO complexed with sulfate, glyoxylate, and an inhibitor, 4-carboxy-5-dodecylsulfanyl-1,2,3-triazole (CDST), determined by X-ray crystallography ...

    Human glycolate oxidase (GO) catalyzes the FMN-dependent oxidation of glycolate to glyoxylate and glyoxylate to oxalate, a key metabolite in kidney stone formation. We report herein the structures of recombinant GO complexed with sulfate, glyoxylate, and an inhibitor, 4-carboxy-5-dodecylsulfanyl-1,2,3-triazole (CDST), determined by X-ray crystallography. In contrast to most alpha-hydroxy acid oxidases including spinach glycolate oxidase, a loop region, known as loop 4, is completely visible when the GO active site contains a small ligand. The lack of electron density for this loop in the GO-CDST complex, which mimics a large substrate, suggests that a disordered to ordered transition may occur with the binding of substrates. The conformational flexibility of Trp110 appears to be responsible for enabling GO to react with alpha-hydroxy acids of various chain lengths. Moreover, the movement of Trp110 disrupts a hydrogen-bonding network between Trp110, Leu191, Tyr134, and Tyr208. This loss of interactions is the first indication that active site movements are directly linked to changes in the conformation of loop 4. The kinetic parameters for the oxidation of glycolate, glyoxylate, and 2-hydroxy octanoate indicate that the oxidation of glycolate to glyoxylate is the primary reaction catalyzed by GO, while the oxidation of glyoxylate to oxalate is most likely not relevant under normal conditions. However, drugs that exploit the unique structural features of GO may ultimately prove to be useful for decreasing glycolate and glyoxylate levels in primary hyperoxaluria type 1 patients who have the inability to convert peroxisomal glyoxylate to glycine.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Structural Biology and Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hydroxyacid oxidase 1A387Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HAO1GOX1HAOX1
EC: 1.1.3.15
Find proteins for Q9UJM8 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9UJM8 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UJM8
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q9UJM8
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMN
Query on FMN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE
C17 H21 N4 O9 P
FVTCRASFADXXNN-SCRDCRAPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GLV
Query on GLV

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]GLYOXYLIC ACID
C2 H2 O3
HHLFWLYXYJOTON-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: I 4
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 97.386α = 90
b = 97.386β = 90
c = 80.468γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
d*TREKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CrystalCleardata collection
d*TREKdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance