Ligand binding and co-activator assembly of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma.Nolte, R.T., Wisely, G.B., Westin, S., Cobb, J.E., Lambert, M.H., Kurokawa, R., Rosenfeld, M.G., Willson, T.M., Glass, C.K., Milburn, M.V.
(1998) Nature 395: 137-143
- PubMed: 9744270
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/25931
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor that is important in adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis and which depends on interactions with co-activators, including steroid receptor co-activating factor-1 (SRC-1). Here we present the X-ray crystal structure of the human apo-PPAR-gamma ligand-binding domain (LBD), at 2.2 A resolution; this structure reveals a large binding pocket, which may explain the diversity of ligands for PPAR-gamma. We also describe the ternary complex containing the PPAR-gamma LBD, the antidiabetic ligand rosiglitazone (BRL49653), and 88 amino acids of human SRC-1 at 2.3 A resolution. Glutamate and lysine residues that are highly conserved in LBDs of nuclear receptors form a 'charge clamp' that contacts backbone atoms of the LXXLL helices of SRC-1. These results, together with the observation that two consecutive LXXLL motifs of SRC-1 make identical contacts with both subunits of a PPAR-gamma homodimer, suggest a general mechanism for the assembly of nuclear receptors with co-activators.
Department of Structural Chemistry, Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.