Chemical Component Summary

Name2,4-THIAZOLIDIINEDIONE, 5-[[4-[2-(METHYL-2-PYRIDINYLAMINO)ETHOXY]PHENYL]METHYL]-(9CL)
Identifiers(5S)-5-[[4-[2-(methyl-pyridin-2-yl-amino)ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione
FormulaC18 H19 N3 O3 S
Molecular Weight357.43
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCN(CCOc1ccc(C[C@@H]2SC(=O)NC2=O)cc1)c3ccccn3
InChIInChI=1S/C18H19N3O3S/c1-21(16-4-2-3-9-19-16)10-11-24-14-7-5-13(6-8-14)12-15-17(22)20-18(23)25-15/h2-9,15H,10-12H2,1H3,(H,20,22,23)/t15-/m0/s1
InChIKeyYASAKCUCGLMORW-HNNXBMFYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count44
Chiral Atom Count1
Bond Count46
Aromatic Bond Count12

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00412 
NameRosiglitazone
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionRosiglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug in the thiazolidinedione class of drugs. It is marketed by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline as a stand-alone drug (Avandia) and in combination with metformin (Avandamet) or with glimepiride (Avandaryl). Like other thiazolidinediones, the mechanism of action of rosiglitazone is by activation of the intracellular receptor class of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), specifically PPARγ. Rosiglitazone is a selective ligand of PPARγ, and has no PPARα-binding action. Apart from its effect on insulin resistance, it appears to have an anti-inflammatory effect: nuclear factor kappa-B (NFκB) levels fall and inhibitor (IκB) levels increase in patients on rosiglitazone. Recent research has suggested that rosiglitazone may also be of benefit to a subset of patients with Alzheimer's disease not expressing the ApoE4 allele. This is the subject of a clinical trial currently underway.
Synonyms
  • Rosiglitazona
  • Rosiglitazonum
  • Rosiglitazone Maleate
  • (RS)-5-{4-[2-(Methyl-2-pyridylamino)ethoxy]benzyl}-2,4-thiazolidinedion
  • Rosiglitazon
Brand Names
  • Teva-rosiglitazone
  • Rosiglitazone Maleate
  • Avandaryl
  • Dom-rosiglitazone
  • PHL-rosiglitazone
IndicationRosiglitazone is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Categories
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Blood Glucose Lowering Agents
  • BSEP/ABCB11 Substrates
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors (strength unknown)
ATC-Code
  • A10BD04
  • A10BG02
  • A10BD03
CAS number122320-73-4

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaMGETLGDSPIDPESDSFTDTLSANISQEMTMVDTEMPFWPTNFGISSVDL...unknownagonist
Long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 4MKLKLNVLTIILLPVHLLITIYSALIFIPWYFLTNAKKKNAMAKRIKAKP...unknowninhibitor
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphaMVDTESPLCPLSPLEAGDLESPLSEEFLQEMGNIQEISQSIGEDSSGSFG...unknown
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltaMEQPQEEAPEVREEEEKEEVAEAEGAPELNGGPQHALPSSSYTDLSRSSS...unknown
Retinoic acid receptor RXR-alphaMDTKHFLPLDFSTQVNSSLTSPTGRGSMAAPSLHPSLGPGIGSPGQLHSP...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682