2OYI

Crystal Structure of Fragment D of gammaD298,301A Fibrinogen with the Peptide Ligand Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-Amide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Probing the gamma2 Calcium-Binding Site: Studies with gammaD298,301A Fibrinogen Reveal Changes in the gamma294-301 Loop that Alter the Integrity of the "a" Polymerization Site.

Kostelansky, M.S.Lounes, K.C.Ping, L.F.Dickerson, S.K.Gorkun, O.V.Lord, S.T.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 5114-5123

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi602607a
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To determine the significance of the gamma2 calcium-binding site in fibrin polymerization, we synthesized the fibrinogen variant, gammaD298,301A. We expected these two alanine substitutions to prevent calcium binding in the gamma2 site. We examined t ...

    To determine the significance of the gamma2 calcium-binding site in fibrin polymerization, we synthesized the fibrinogen variant, gammaD298,301A. We expected these two alanine substitutions to prevent calcium binding in the gamma2 site. We examined the influence of calcium on the polymerization of gammaD298,301A fibrinogen, evaluated its plasmin susceptibility, and solved 2.7 and 2.4 A crystal structures of the variant with the peptide ligands Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro-amide (GPRP) and Gly-His-Arg-Pro-amide (GHRP), respectively. We found that thrombin-catalyzed polymerization of gammaD298,301A fibrinogen was modestly impaired, whereas batroxobin-catalyzed polymerization was significantly impaired relative to normal fibrinogen. Notably, the influence of calcium on polymerization was the same for the variant and for normal fibrinogen. Fibrinogen gammaD298,301A was more susceptible to plasmin proteolysis in the presence of GPRP. This finding suggests structural changes in the near-by "a" polymerization site. Comparisons of the structures revealed minor conformational changes in the gamma294-301 loop that are likely responsible for the weakened "a" site. When considered altogether, the data suggest that the gamma2 calcium-binding site does not significantly modulate polymerization. We cannot, however, rule out the possibility that the weakened "a" polymerization site masks an important role for the gamma2 calcium-binding site in normal polymerization. Somewhat unexpectedly, the structure data showed that GPRP bound to the "b" site and induced the same local conformational changes as GHRP to this site. This structure shows that "A:b" interactions can occur and suggests that these may participate in normal polymerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fibrinogen alpha chain
A, D
66Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FGA
Find proteins for P02671 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FGA
Go to UniProtKB:  P02671
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fibrinogen beta chain
B, E
313Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FGB
Find proteins for P02675 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FGB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02675
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fibrinogen gamma chain
C, F
311Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: FGG
Find proteins for P02679 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FGG
Go to UniProtKB:  P02679
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
GPRP Peptide
G, H, I, J
4N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, C, E, F
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FUC
Query on FUC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, E
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, E
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 88.988α = 90.00
b = 94.038β = 90.00
c = 226.353γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance