2O1S

1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS) from Escherichia coli


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal Structure of 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-Phosphate Synthase, a Crucial Enzyme for Isoprenoids Biosynthesis.

Xiang, S.Usunow, G.Lange, G.Busch, M.Tong, L.

(2007) J Biol Chem 282: 2676-2682

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M610235200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2O1S, 2O1X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) is a common precursor for the synthesis of all isoprenoids, which have important functions in living organisms. IPP is produced by the mevalonate pathway in archaea, fungi, and animals. In contrast, IPP is synthesized ...

    Isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) is a common precursor for the synthesis of all isoprenoids, which have important functions in living organisms. IPP is produced by the mevalonate pathway in archaea, fungi, and animals. In contrast, IPP is synthesized by a mevalonate-independent pathway in most bacteria, algae, and plant plastids. 1-Deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXS) catalyzes the first and the rate-limiting step of the mevalonate-independent pathway and is an attractive target for the development of novel antibiotics, antimalarials, and herbicides. We report here the first structural information on DXS, from Escherichia coli and Deinococcus radiodurans, in complex with the coenzyme thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP). The structure contains three domains (I, II, and III), each of which bears homology to the equivalent domains in transketolase and the E1 subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase. However, DXS has a novel arrangement of these domains as compared with the other enzymes, such that the active site of DXS is located at the interface of domains I and II in the same monomer, whereas that of transketolase is located at the interface of the dimer. The coenzyme TPP is mostly buried in the complex, but the C-2 atom of its thiazolium ring is exposed to a pocket that is the substrate-binding site. The structures identify residues that may have important roles in catalysis, which have been confirmed by our mutagenesis studies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate synthaseABCD621Escherichia coliMutation(s): 21 
Gene Names: dxs
EC: 2.2.1.7
Find proteins for P77488 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P77488 
Go to UniProtKB:  P77488
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
TDP
Query on TDP

Download CCD File 
A, C
THIAMIN DIPHOSPHATE
C12 H18 N4 O7 P2 S
AYEKOFBPNLCAJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DPO
Query on DPO

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B, D
DIPHOSPHATE
O7 P2
XPPKVPWEQAFLFU-UHFFFAOYSA-J
 Ligand Interaction
K
Query on K

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A, B, C, D
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A, B, C, D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,B,C,DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 86.787α = 90
b = 171.154β = 107.25
c = 94.799γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance