2O0R

The three-dimensional structure of N-Succinyldiaminopimelate aminotransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Three-dimensional Structure of N-Succinyldiaminopimelate Aminotransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Weyand, S.Kefala, G.Weiss, M.S.

(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 367: 825-838

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.01.023

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Inhibitors of the enzymes of the lysine biosynthetic pathway are considered promising lead compounds for the design of new antibacterial drugs, because the pathway appears to be indispensable for bacteria and because it is absent in humans. As part o ...

    Inhibitors of the enzymes of the lysine biosynthetic pathway are considered promising lead compounds for the design of new antibacterial drugs, because the pathway appears to be indispensable for bacteria and because it is absent in humans. As part of our efforts to structurally characterize all enzymes of this pathway in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), we have determined the three-dimensional structure of N-succinyldiaminopimelate aminotransferase (DapC, DAP-AT, Rv0858c) to a resolution of 2.0 A. This structure is the first DAP-AT structure reported to date. The orthorhombic crystals of Mtb-DAP-AT contain one functional dimer exhibiting C(2) symmetry in the asymmetric unit. The homodimer displays the typical S-shape of class I pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-binding proteins. The two active sites of the dimer both feature an internal aldimine with the co-factor PLP covalently bound to the Lys232, although neither substrate nor co-factor had been added during protein production, purification and crystallization. Nine water molecules are conserved in the active site and form an intricate hydrogen-bonding network with the co-factor and the surrounding amino acid residues. Together with some residual difference electron density in the active site, this architecture permitted the building of external aldimine models of the enzyme with the substrates glutamate, the amine donor, and N-succinyl-2-amino-6-keto-pimelate, the amine acceptor. Based on these models, the amino acids relevant for substrate binding and specificity can be postulated. Furthermore, in the external aldimine model of N-succinyl-2-amino-6-keto-pimelate, the succinyl group overlaps with a glycerol binding site that has also been identified in both active sites of the Mtb-DAP-AT dimer. A comparison of the structure of Mtb-DAP-AT with other class I PLP-binding proteins, revealed that some inhibitors utilize the same binding site. Thus, the proposed models also provide an explanation for the mode of inhibition of Mtb-DAP-AT and they may be of help in the design of compounds, which are capable of inhibiting the enzyme. Last, but not least, a chloride binding helix exhibiting a peculiar amino acid sequence with a number of exposed hydrophobic side-chains was identified, which may be hypothesized as a putative docking site.


    Related Citations: 
    • Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of DapC (Rv0858c) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis
      Weyand, S.,Kefala, G.,Weiss, M.S.
      (2006) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.F 62: 794


    Organizational Affiliation

    EMBL Hamburg Outstation, DESY, Notkestr. 85, D-22603 Hamburg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rv0858c (N-Succinyldiaminopimelate aminotransferase)
A, B
411Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: dapC
Find proteins for P9WPZ5 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WPZ5
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
LLP
Query on LLP
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H22 N3 O7 PLYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • Space Group: P 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 54.340α = 90.00
b = 56.130β = 90.00
c = 247.470γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
MOLREPphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description