2NO9

The structure of deoxycytidine kinase complexed with troxacitabine and ADP.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for activation of the therapeutic L-nucleoside analogs 3TC and troxacitabine by human deoxycytidine kinase.

Sabini, E.Hazra, S.Konrad, M.Burley, S.K.Lavie, A.

(2007) Nucleic Acids Res 35: 186-192

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkl1038
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2NO9, 2NOA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • L-nucleoside analogs represent an important class of small molecules for treating both viral infections and cancers. These pro-drugs achieve pharmacological activity only after enzyme-catalyzed conversion to their tri-phosphorylated forms. Herein, we report the crystal structures of human deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) in complex with the L-nucleosides (-)-beta-2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC)--an approved anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) agent--and troxacitabine (TRO)--an experimental anti-neoplastic agent ...

    L-nucleoside analogs represent an important class of small molecules for treating both viral infections and cancers. These pro-drugs achieve pharmacological activity only after enzyme-catalyzed conversion to their tri-phosphorylated forms. Herein, we report the crystal structures of human deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) in complex with the L-nucleosides (-)-beta-2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC)--an approved anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) agent--and troxacitabine (TRO)--an experimental anti-neoplastic agent. The first step in activating these agents is catalyzed by dCK. Our studies reveal how dCK, which normally catalyzes phosphorylation of the natural D-nucleosides, can efficiently phosphorylate substrates with non-physiologic chirality. The capability of dCK to phosphorylate both D- and L-nucleosides and nucleoside analogs derives from structural properties of both the enzyme and the substrates themselves. First, the nucleoside-binding site tolerates substrates with different chiral configurations by maintaining virtually all of the protein-ligand interactions responsible for productive substrate positioning. Second, the pseudo-symmetry of nucleosides and nucleoside analogs in combination with their conformational flexibility allows the L- and D-enantiomeric forms to adopt similar shapes when bound to the enzyme. This is the first analysis of the structural basis for activation of L-nucleoside analogs, providing further impetus for discovery and clinical development of new agents in this molecular class.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Illinois Chicago, 900 S. Ashland (M/C 669), Chicago, IL 60607, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
deoxycytidine kinaseA, B280Homo sapiensMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: DCK
EC: 2.7.1.74 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.1.76 (UniProt), 2.7.1.113 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P27707 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P27707 
Go to UniProtKB:  P27707
PHAROS:  P27707
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LTT
Query on LTT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], F [auth B]4-AMINO-1-[(2S,4S)-2-(HYDROXYMETHYL)-1,3-DIOXOLAN-4-YL]PYRIMIDIN-2(1H)-ONE
C8 H11 N3 O4
RXRGZNYSEHTMHC-BQBZGAKWSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.201 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.85α = 90
b = 134.46β = 90
c = 155.34γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-10-25 
  • Released Date: 2007-02-13 
  • Deposition Author(s): Sabini, E., Lavie, A.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-02-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-02-03
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations