Rational steering of insulin binding specificity by intra-chain chemical crosslinking.Vikova, J., Collinsova, M., Kletvikova, E., Budesinsky, M., Kaplan, V., Zakova, L., Veverka, V., Hexnerova, R., Avino, R.J., Strakova, J., Selicharova, I., Vanek, V., Wright, D.W., Watson, C.J., Turkenburg, J.P., Brzozowski, A.M., Jiracek, J.
(2016) Sci Rep 6: 19431-19431
- PubMed: 26792393
- DOI: 10.1038/srep19431
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Insulin is a key hormone of human metabolism with major therapeutic importance for both types of diabetes. New insulin analogues with more physiological profiles and better glycemic control are needed, especially analogues that preferentially bind to ...
Insulin is a key hormone of human metabolism with major therapeutic importance for both types of diabetes. New insulin analogues with more physiological profiles and better glycemic control are needed, especially analogues that preferentially bind to the metabolic B-isoform of insulin receptor (IR-B). Here, we aimed to stabilize and modulate the receptor-compatible conformation of insulin by covalent intra-chain crosslinking within its B22-B30 segment, using the Cu(I)-catalyzed Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of azides and alkynes. This approach resulted in 14 new, systematically crosslinked insulin analogues whose structures and functions were extensively characterized and correlated. One of the analogues, containing a B26-B29 triazole bridge, was highly active in binding to both IR isoforms, with a significant preference for IR-B. Our results demonstrate the potential of chemistry-driven modulation of insulin function, also shedding new light on the functional importance of hormone's B-chain C-terminus for its IR-B specificity.
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Flemingovo n. 2, 166 10 Praha 6, Czech Republic.