2MXU

42-Residue Beta Amyloid Fibril


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLID-STATE NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A beta (1-42) fibril structure illuminates self-recognition and replication of amyloid in Alzheimer's disease.

Xiao, Y.Ma, B.McElheny, D.Parthasarathy, S.Long, F.Hoshi, M.Nussinov, R.Ishii, Y.

(2015) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 22: 499-505

  • DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.2991

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Increasing evidence has suggested that formation and propagation of misfolded aggregates of 42-residue human amyloid β (Aβ(1-42)), rather than of the more abundant Aβ(1-40), provokes the Alzheimer's disease cascade. However, structural details of mis ...

    Increasing evidence has suggested that formation and propagation of misfolded aggregates of 42-residue human amyloid β (Aβ(1-42)), rather than of the more abundant Aβ(1-40), provokes the Alzheimer's disease cascade. However, structural details of misfolded Aβ(1-42) have remained elusive. Here we present the atomic model of an Aβ(1-42) amyloid fibril, from solid-state NMR (ssNMR) data. It displays triple parallel-β-sheet segments that differ from reported structures of Aβ(1-40) fibrils. Remarkably, Aβ(1-40) is incompatible with the triple-β-motif, because seeding with Aβ(1-42) fibrils does not promote conversion of monomeric Aβ(1-40) into fibrils via cross-replication. ssNMR experiments suggest that C-terminal Ala42, absent in Aβ(1-40), forms a salt bridge with Lys28 to create a self-recognition molecular switch that excludes Aβ(1-40). The results provide insight into the Aβ(1-42)-selective self-replicating amyloid-propagation machinery in early-stage Alzheimer's disease.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Amyloid beta A4 protein
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L
42Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APP (A4, AD1)
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APP
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLID-STATE NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-05-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-05-20
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-06-17
    Type: Database references