2MQV

Solution NMR structure of the U5-primer binding site (U5-PBS) domain of murine leukemia virus RNA genome bound to the retroviral nucleocapsid protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A structure-based mechanism for tRNA and retroviral RNA remodelling during primer annealing.

Miller, S.B.Yildiz, F.Z.Lo, J.A.Wang, B.D'Souza, V.M.

(2014) Nature 515: 591-595

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13709
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2MQT, 2MS1, 2MS0, 2MQV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To prime reverse transcription, retroviruses require annealing of a transfer RNA molecule to the U5 primer binding site (U5-PBS) region of the viral genome. The residues essential for primer annealing are initially locked in intramolecular interactions; hence, annealing requires the chaperone activity of the retroviral nucleocapsid (NC) protein to facilitate structural rearrangements ...

    To prime reverse transcription, retroviruses require annealing of a transfer RNA molecule to the U5 primer binding site (U5-PBS) region of the viral genome. The residues essential for primer annealing are initially locked in intramolecular interactions; hence, annealing requires the chaperone activity of the retroviral nucleocapsid (NC) protein to facilitate structural rearrangements. Here we show that, unlike classical chaperones, the Moloney murine leukaemia virus NC uses a unique mechanism for remodelling: it specifically targets multiple structured regions in both the U5-PBS and tRNA(Pro) primer that otherwise sequester residues necessary for annealing. This high-specificity and high-affinity binding by NC consequently liberates these sequestered residues--which are exactly complementary--for intermolecular interactions. Furthermore, NC utilizes a step-wise, entropy-driven mechanism to trigger both residue-specific destabilization and residue-specific release. Our structures of NC bound to U5-PBS and tRNA(Pro) reveal the structure-based mechanism for retroviral primer annealing and provide insights as to how ATP-independent chaperones can target specific RNAs amidst the cellular milieu of non-target RNAs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nucleocapsid protein p10A56Murine leukemia virusMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.23 (UniProt), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.4 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P03355 (Moloney murine leukemia virus (isolate Shinnick))
Explore P03355 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03355
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar nucleic acids by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
RNA (68-MER)B68Murine leukemia virus
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 
  • OLDERADO: 2MQV Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-09-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-08
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-24
    Changes: Database references