Solution NMR structure of transmembrane domain of amyloid precursor protein WT

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 21 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Familial Alzheimer's mutations within APPTM increase A beta 42 production by enhancing accessibility of epsilon-cleavage site.

Chen, W.Gamache, E.Rosenman, D.J.Xie, J.Lopez, M.M.Li, Y.M.Wang, C.

(2014) Nat Commun 5: 3037-3037

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4037
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2LZ3, 2LZ4

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The high Aβ42/Aβ40 production ratio is a hallmark of familial Alzheimer's disease, which can be caused by mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The C-terminus of Aβ is generated by γ-secretase cleavage within the transmembrane domain of APP (APPTM), a process that is primed by an initial ε-cleavage at either T48 or L49, resulting in subsequent production of Aβ42 or Aβ40, respectively. Here we solve the dimer structures of wild-type APPTM (AAPTM WT) and mutant APPTM (FAD mutants V44M) with solution NMR. The right-handed APPTM helical dimer is mediated by GXXXA motif. From the NMR structural and dynamic data, we show that the V44M and V44A mutations can selectively expose the T48 site by weakening helical hydrogen bonds and increasing hydrogen-deuterium exchange rate (kex). We propose a structural model in which FAD mutations (V44M and V44A) can open the T48 site γ-secretase for the initial ε-cleavage, and consequently shift cleavage preference towards Aβ42.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, New York 10065, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Amyloid beta A4 protein
A, B
31Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05067 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
PHAROS:  P05067
GTEx:  ENSG00000142192 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP05067
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 21 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-10-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-12-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-02-05
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2016-04-27
    Changes: Structure summary