2LHM

CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE APO-AND HOLOMUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYMES WITH AN INTRODUCED CA2+ BINDING SITE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of the apo- and holomutant human lysozymes with an introduced Ca2+ binding site.

Inaka, K.Kuroki, R.Kikuchi, M.Matsushima, M.

(1991) J.Biol.Chem. 266: 20666-20671

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The three-dimensional structures of apo- and holomutant human lysozymes (D86/92 lysozyme), in which a calcium binding site was designed and created for enhancing molecular stability by replacing both Gln86 and Ala92 with aspartic acids, were refined ...

    The three-dimensional structures of apo- and holomutant human lysozymes (D86/92 lysozyme), in which a calcium binding site was designed and created for enhancing molecular stability by replacing both Gln86 and Ala92 with aspartic acids, were refined at 1.8-A resolution by x-ray crystallography. The overall structures and crystallographic thermal factors of all three proteins, the apo-, holo-D86/92, and the wild-type human lysozymes, were essentially identical; these results showed that the introduction of the calcium binding site did not affect either the overall structure or molecular rigidity of the proteins. However, structure analyses of the apo-D86/92 lysozyme revealed that the mutations affected the side chain conformation of residue 86 and hydrogen networks between the protein and the internal solvent molecules. In the structure of the holo-D86/92 lysozyme, seven oxygen ligands formed a slightly distorted pentagonal bipyramid around the calcium ion, indicating that the coordination around the calcium ion was quite similar to that in baboon alpha-lactalbumin. The pentagonal bipyramid coordination could be one of the most widely found and appropriate calcium binding schemes in proteins.


    Related Citations: 
    • Design and Creation of a Ca2+ Binding Site in Human Lysozyme to Enhance Structural Stability
      Kuroki, R.,Taniyama, Y.,Seko, C.,Nakamura, H.,Kikuchi, M.,Ikehara, M.
      (1989) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 86: 6903


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Engineering Research Institute, Osaka, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HUMAN LYSOZYME
A
130Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LYZ (LZM)
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P61626 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P61626
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.060α = 90.00
b = 60.620β = 90.00
c = 33.810γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1992-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other