2J3N

X-ray structure of human thioredoxin reductase 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.287 
  • R-Value Work: 0.249 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Structure of Human Thioredoxin Reductase 1 Provides Insights Into C-Terminal Rearrangements During Catalysis.

Fritz-Wolf, K.Urig, S.Becker, K.

(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 370: 116

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.04.044

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human thioredoxin reductase (hTrxR) is a homodimeric flavoprotein crucially involved in the regulation of cellular redox reactions, growth and differentiation. The enzyme contains a selenocysteine residue at its C-terminal active site that is essenti ...

    Human thioredoxin reductase (hTrxR) is a homodimeric flavoprotein crucially involved in the regulation of cellular redox reactions, growth and differentiation. The enzyme contains a selenocysteine residue at its C-terminal active site that is essential for catalysis. This redox center is located on a flexible arm, solvent-exposed and reactive towards electrophilic inhibitors, thus representing a target for antitumor drug development. During catalysis reducing equivalents are transferred from the cofactor NADPH to FAD, then to the N-terminal active site cysteine residues and from there to the flexible C-terminal part of the other subunit to be finally delivered to a variety of second substrates at the molecule's surface. Here we report the first crystal structure of hTrxR1 (Sec-->Cys) in complex with FAD and NADP(+) at a resolution of 2.8 A. From the crystals three different conformations of the carboxy-terminal arm could be deduced. The predicted movement of the arm is facilitated by the concerted action of the three side-chain residues of N418, N419 and W407, which act as a guiding bar for the C-terminal sliding process. As supported by previous kinetic data, the three visualized conformations might reflect different stages in enzymatic catalysis. Comparison with other disulfide reductases including human glutathione reductase revealed specific inhibitor binding sites in the intersubunit cavity of hTrxR that can be exploited for structure-based inhibitor development.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Giessen, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE 1
A, B, C, D, E, F
519Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TXNRD1 (GRIM12, KDRF)
EC: 1.8.1.9
Find proteins for Q16881 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TXNRD1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16881
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, D, F
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.287 
  • R-Value Work: 0.249 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 144.630α = 90.00
b = 90.640β = 112.46
c = 166.600γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-07-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-01-24
    Type: Source and taxonomy