2IVT

Crystal structure of phosphorylated RET tyrosine kinase domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Chemical Inhibition of the Ret Tyrosine Kinase Domain.

Knowles, P.P.Murray-Rust, J.Kjaer, S.Scott, R.P.Hanrahan, S.Santoro, M.Ibanez, C.F.Mcdonald, N.Q.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 33577

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M605604200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  2IVU, 2IVV, 2IVS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase for the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family of ligands. Loss-of-function mutations in RET are implicated in Hirschsprung disease, whereas activating mutations in RET are found i ...

    The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase for the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor family of ligands. Loss-of-function mutations in RET are implicated in Hirschsprung disease, whereas activating mutations in RET are found in human cancers, including familial medullar thyroid carcinoma and multiple endocrine neoplasias 2A and 2B. We report here the biochemical characterization of the human RET tyrosine kinase domain and the structure determination of the non-phosphorylated and phosphorylated forms. Both structures adopt the same active kinase conformation competent to bind ATP and substrate and have a pre-organized activation loop conformation that is independent of phosphorylation status. In agreement with the structural data, enzyme kinetic data show that autophosphorylation produces only a modest increase in activity. Longer forms of RET containing the juxtamembrane domain and C-terminal tail exhibited similar kinetic behavior, implying that there is no cis-inhibitory mechanism within the RET intracellular domain. Our results suggest the existence of alternative inhibitory mechanisms, possibly in trans, for the autoregulation of RET kinase activity. We also present the structures of the RET tyrosine kinase domain bound to two inhibitors, the pyrazolopyrimidine PP1 and the clinically relevant 4-anilinoquinazoline ZD6474. These structures explain why certain multiple endocrine neoplasia 2-associated RET mutants found in patients are resistant to inhibition and form the basis for design of more effective inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology Laboratory, London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, London WC2A 3PX, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTO-ONCOGENE TYROSINE-PROTEIN KINASE RECEPTOR RET PRECURSOR
A
314Homo sapiensGene Names: RET (CDHF12, CDHR16, PTC, RET51)
EC: 2.7.10.1
Find proteins for P07949 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RET
Go to UniProtKB:  P07949
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMT
Query on FMT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FORMIC ACID
C H2 O2
BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AMP
Query on AMP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
C10 H14 N5 O7 P
UDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PTR
Query on PTR
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H12 N O6 PTYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 72.131α = 90.00
b = 70.848β = 101.13
c = 78.916γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-08-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance