2HSH

Crystal structure of C73S mutant of human thioredoxin-1 oxidized with H2O2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.168 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Buried s-nitrosocysteine revealed in crystal structures of human thioredoxin.

Weichsel, A.Brailey, J.L.Montfort, W.R.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 1219-1227

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi061878r
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
  • Also Cited By: 3M9K, 3M9J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have determined the 1.65 A crystal structure of human thioredoxin-1 after treatment with S-nitrosoglutathione, providing a high-resolution view of this important protein modification and mechanistic insight into protein transnitrosation. Thioredox ...

    We have determined the 1.65 A crystal structure of human thioredoxin-1 after treatment with S-nitrosoglutathione, providing a high-resolution view of this important protein modification and mechanistic insight into protein transnitrosation. Thioredoxin-1 appears to play an intermediary role in cellular S-nitrosylation and is important in numerous biological and pathobiological activities. S-Nitroso modifications of cysteines 62 and 69 are clearly visible in the structure and display planar cis geometries, whereas cysteines 32, 35, and 73 form intra- and intermolecular disulfide bonds. Surprisingly, the Cys 62 nitroso group is completely buried and pointing to the protein interior yet is the most readily formed at neutral pH. The Cys 69 nitroso group is also protected but requires a higher pH for stable formation. The helix intervening between residues 62 and 69 shifts by approximately 0.5 A to accommodate the SNO groups. The crystallographic asymmetric unit contains three independent molecules of thioredoxin, providing three views of the nitrosated protein. The three molecules are in general agreement but display subtle differences, including both cis and trans conformers for Cys 69 SNO in molecule C, and greater disorder in the Cys 62-Cys 69 helix in molecule B. Possible mechanisms for protein transnitrosation with specific geometric requirements and charge stabilization of the nitroxyl disulfide reaction intermediate are discussed.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal structures of reduced, oxidized, and mutated human thioredoxins: evidence for a regulatory homodimer
      Weichsel, A.,Gasdaska, J.R.,Powis, G.,Montfort, W.R.
      (2006) Structure 4: 735


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thioredoxin
A
105Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: TXN (TRDX, TRX, TRX1)
Find proteins for P10599 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TXN
Go to UniProtKB:  P10599
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.168 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.166α = 90.00
b = 26.375β = 95.47
c = 51.100γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CrystalCleardata scaling
CrystalCleardata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance