2H7F

Structure of variola topoisomerase covalently bound to DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for specificity in the poxvirus topoisomerase.

Perry, K.Hwang, Y.Bushman, F.D.Van Duyne, G.D.

(2006) Mol.Cell 23: 343-354

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2006.06.015
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Although smallpox has been eradicated from the human population, it is presently feared as a possible agent of bioterrorism. The smallpox virus codes for its own topoisomerase enzyme that differs from its cellular counterpart by requiring a specific ...

    Although smallpox has been eradicated from the human population, it is presently feared as a possible agent of bioterrorism. The smallpox virus codes for its own topoisomerase enzyme that differs from its cellular counterpart by requiring a specific DNA sequence for activation of catalysis. Here we present crystal structures of the smallpox virus topoisomerase enzyme bound both covalently and noncovalently to a specific DNA sequence. These structures reveal the basis for site-specific DNA recognition, and they explain how catalysis is likely activated by formation of a specific enzyme-DNA interface. Unexpectedly, the poxvirus enzyme uses a major groove binding alpha helix that is not present in the human enzyme to recognize part of the core recognition sequence and activate the enzyme for catalysis. The topoisomerase-DNA complex structures also provide a three-dimensional framework that may facilitate the rational design of therapeutic agents to treat poxvirus infections.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA topoisomerase 1
X
314Variola virus (isolate Human/India/Ind3/1967)Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: TOP1
EC: 5.6.2.2
Find proteins for P32989 (Variola virus (isolate Human/India/Ind3/1967))
Go to Gene View: TOP1
Go to UniProtKB:  P32989
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*TP*TP*GP*TP*CP*GP*CP*CP*CP*TP*T)-3'Y11N/A
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*TP*AP*AP*TP*AP*AP*GP*GP*GP*CP*GP*AP*CP*A)-3'Z14N/A
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PTR
Query on PTR
X
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H12 N O6 PTYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 68.523α = 90.00
b = 138.232β = 90.00
c = 113.079γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
SOLVEphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-08-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description