2H5Q

Crystal structure of mCherry


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.36 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Novel Chromophores and Buried Charges Control Color in mFruits

Shu, X.Shaner, N.C.Yarbrough, C.A.Tsien, R.Y.Remington, S.J.

(2006) Biochemistry 45: 9639-9647

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi060773l
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • mFruits are second-generation monomeric red fluorescent proteins (mRFPs) that have improved brightness and photostability compared to the first-generation mRFP1. The emission and excitation maxima are distributed over the remarkably large ranges of a ...

    mFruits are second-generation monomeric red fluorescent proteins (mRFPs) that have improved brightness and photostability compared to the first-generation mRFP1. The emission and excitation maxima are distributed over the remarkably large ranges of about 550-650 and 540-590 nm, respectively; however, the variations in the spectra can be traced to a few key amino acids. Spectroscopic and atomic resolution crystallographic analyses of three representatives, mOrange, mStrawberry, and mCherry, reveal that different mechanisms operate to establish the excitation and emission maxima. Evidently, they all undergo the second oxidation step to produce an acylimine linkage in the polypeptide backbone. In comparison to the progenitor DsRed, direct covalent modification to this linkage (mOrange) and indirect modification of the chromophore environment (mStrawberry and mCherry) produce strong blue- and red-shifted variants. The blue shift of mOrange is induced by an unprecedented covalent modification of the protein backbone. The electron-density map indicates the formation of a third heterocycle, 2-hydroxy-dihydrooxazole, upon the reaction of Thr 66 Ogamma with the polypeptide backbone, which in turn reduces the conjugation of the carbonyl at position 65 with the rest of the chromophore. In mStrawberry and mCherry, the movement of charged Lys 70 and protonation of Glu 215 are proposed to modify the chromophore electron-density distribution, inducing the red shift. pH-dependent spectral shifts of mCherry and mStrawberry appear to result from the titration of Glu 215, although, for mStrawberry, partial cyclization of Thr 66 may contribute at high pH.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Molecular Biology and Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
mCherry
A
236Discosoma sp. LW-2004Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q5S3G8 (Discosoma sp. LW-2004)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5S3G8
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CH6
Query on CH6
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC16 H19 N3 O4 SMET, TYR, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.36 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.762α = 90.00
b = 42.855β = 112.31
c = 61.057γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHELXL-97refinement
ADSCdata collection
SHELXmodel building
HKL-2000data scaling
SHELXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-08-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description