2GCO

Crystal structure of the human RhoC-GppNHp complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray Crystal Structures Reveal Two Activated States for RhoC.

Dias, S.M.G.Cerione, R.A.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 6547-6558

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi700035p
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • RhoC is a member of the Rho family of Ras-related (small) GTPases and shares significant sequence similarity with the founding member of the family, RhoA. However, despite their similarity, RhoA and RhoC exhibit different binding preferences for effe ...

    RhoC is a member of the Rho family of Ras-related (small) GTPases and shares significant sequence similarity with the founding member of the family, RhoA. However, despite their similarity, RhoA and RhoC exhibit different binding preferences for effector proteins and give rise to distinct cellular outcomes, with RhoC being directly implicated in the invasiveness of cancer cells and the development of metastasis. While the structural analyses of the signaling-active and -inactive states of RhoA have been performed, thus far, the work on RhoC has been limited to an X-ray structure for its complex with the effector protein, mDia1 (for mammalian Diaphanous 1). Therefore, in order to gain insights into the molecular basis for RhoC activation, as well as clues regarding how it mediates distinct cellular responses relative to those induced by RhoA, we have undertaken a structural comparison of RhoC in its GDP-bound (signaling-inactive) state versus its GTP-bound (signaling-active) state as induced by the nonhydrolyzable GTP analogues, guanosine 5'-(beta,gamma-iminotriphosphate) (GppNHp) and guanosine 5'-(3-O-thiotriphosphate) (GTPgammaS). Interestingly, we find that GppNHp-bound RhoC only shows differences in its switch II domain, relative to GDP-bound RhoC, whereas GTPgammaS-bound RhoC exhibits differences in both its switch I and switch II domains. Given that each of the nonhydrolyzable GTP analogues is able to promote the binding of RhoC to effector proteins, these results suggest that RhoC can undergo at least two conformational transitions during its conversion from a signaling-inactive to a signaling-active state, similar to what has recently been proposed for the H-Ras and M-Ras proteins. In contrast, the available X-ray structures for RhoA suggest that it undergoes only a single conformational transition to a signaling-active state. These and other differences regarding the changes in the switch domains accompanying the activation of RhoA and RhoC provide plausible explanations for the functional specificity exhibited by the two GTPases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoC
A
201Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHOC (ARH9, ARHC)
Find proteins for P08134 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RHOC
Go to UniProtKB:  P08134
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoC
B
201Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHOC (ARH9, ARHC)
Find proteins for P08134 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RHOC
Go to UniProtKB:  P08134
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GNP
Query on GNP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-GUANYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O13 P3
UQABYHGXWYXDTK-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSX
Query on CSX
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O3 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 64.092α = 90.00
b = 75.645β = 90.00
c = 82.903γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CrystalCleardata reduction
REFMACrefinement
CCP4data scaling
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-03-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance